Deception

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Deception (Skt. śāṭhya; Tib. གཡོ་, Wyl. g.yo) — one of the fifty-one mental states defined in Abhidharma literature. According to the Compendium of Abhidharma, it belongs to the subgroup of the twenty subsidiary destructive emotions.

Definitions

In the Khenjuk, Mipham Rinpoche says:

  • Tib. གཡོ་ནི་རྙེད་བཀུར་སོགས་ལ་ཆགས་པས་རང་གི་ཉེས་པ་སྦས་ཏེ་ཉེས་རྒྱུན་སྐྱོང་བའི་སེམས་གྱ་གྱུ་བ་ཆགས་སྡང་གཏི་མུག་གི་ཆར་གཏོགས་པ་སྟེ་ཡང་དག་པའི་གདམས་ངག་རྙེད་པའི་བར་དུ་གཅོད་པའོ།
  • Deception is the deceitful attitude which perpetuates negativity, concealing one's own faults because of the desire for such things as honour and gain. It belongs to the categories of desire, anger and delusion, and prevents one from obtaining authentic pith instructions. (Rigpa Translations)
  • Hypocrisy is the deceitful attitude which perpetuates negativity, concealing one's own faults because of the desire for such things as honor and gain. It belongs to the categories of attachment, anger and delusion and obstructs obtaining true instructions. (Erik Pema Kunsang)

Alternative Translations

  • Dishonesty (Padmakara)
  • Deceit (David Karma Choepel)
  • Pretentiousness (Gyurme Dorje)
  • Avarice (Tony Duff)