The lineage acquired the name Drukpa in the twelfth century when, in 1206, Tsangpa Gyare Yeshe Dorje saw nine dragons fly up into the sky from the ground of Namdruk, and he named his lineage "Drukpa", or "Lineage of the Dragons" after this auspicious event. In this way, Tsangpa Gyare could be said to be the founder of the Drukpa Kagyü lineage.
Main Incarnation Lineages
The Drukpa Kagyü lineage is generally considered to have “Four Pillars”, the four following major incarnation lineages:
- Gyalwang Drukpa Incarnation Line
- Drukpa Yongdzin Incarnation Line
- Khamtrul Rinpoche Incarnation Line
- Choegon Rinpoche Incarnation Line
- According to the presentation of the Yongdzin incarnation line on http://padmasambhavameditationcenter.org/lineage/the-venerable-yongdzin-rinpoche/
- Dan Martin. 'Gling-ras-pa and the Founding of the 'Brug-pa School' in The Tibet Society Bulletin. 13 (June 1979) 55-69.
- E. Gene Smith, 'Padma dkar po and His History of Buddhism' in Among Tibetan Texts, Boston: Wisdom, 2001