Difference between revisions of "Eight subcontinents"

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which surround Purvavideha;
 
which surround Purvavideha;
 
:3. [[Ngayab Ling|Chamara]] (Skt. ''Cāmara''; Tib. ''Ngayab''; Wyl. ''rnga yab'') and
 
:3. [[Ngayab Ling|Chamara]] (Skt. ''Cāmara''; Tib. ''Ngayab''; Wyl. ''rnga yab'') and
:4. Aparachmara (Skt. ''Aparacāmara''; Tib. ''Ngayabshyen''; Wyl. ''rnga yab gzhan'')
+
:4. Aparachamara (Skt. ''Aparacāmara''; Tib. ''Ngayabshyen''; Wyl. ''rnga yab gzhan'')
 
which surround [[Jambudvipa]];
 
which surround [[Jambudvipa]];
 
:5. Shatha (Skt. ''Śāthā''; Tib. ''Yoden''; Wyl. ''g.yo ldan'') and
 
:5. Shatha (Skt. ''Śāthā''; Tib. ''Yoden''; Wyl. ''g.yo ldan'') and

Revision as of 11:32, 27 September 2009

Four Continents.jpg

Eight subcontinents (Tib. ling tren gyé; Wyl. gling phran brgyad) — there are two subcontinents for each of the four continents which surround Mount Meru according to the cosmology of the Abhidharma. The subcontinents are of identical shape to the continent they surround, but of half its size. The eight subcontinents are:

1. Deha (Skt.; Tib. ; Wyl. lus) and
2. Videha (Skt.; Tib. Lüpak; Wyl. lus 'phags)

which surround Purvavideha;

3. Chamara (Skt. Cāmara; Tib. Ngayab; Wyl. rnga yab) and
4. Aparachamara (Skt. Aparacāmara; Tib. Ngayabshyen; Wyl. rnga yab gzhan)

which surround Jambudvipa;

5. Shatha (Skt. Śāthā; Tib. Yoden; Wyl. g.yo ldan) and
6. Uttaramantrina (Skt. Uttaramantriṇa; Tib. Lamchokdro; Wyl. lam mchog 'gro)

which surround Aparagodaniya; and

7. Kurava (Skt.; Tib. Draminyen; Wyl. sgra mi snyan) and
8. Kaurava (Skt.; Tib. Draminyen gyi da; Wyl. sgra mi snyan gyi zla)

which surround Uttarakuru.