Eighteen freedoms and advantages

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Eighteen freedoms and advantages (Tib. དལ་འབྱོར་བཅོ་བརྒྱད་, daljor chobgyé, Wyl. dal 'byor bco brgyad) — the eight freedoms and ten advantages which characterize a 'precious human birth'.

The Eight Freedoms

Freedom from the eight states where there is no opportunity to practise the Dharma:

  1. hells
  2. preta realms
  3. animals
  4. long-living gods
  5. uncivilized lands
  6. incomplete faculties
  7. with wrong views
  8. a buddha has not come

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The Ten Advantages

The Five Circumstantial Advantages

  1. a buddha has come
  2. he has taught the Dharma
  3. the teachings have survived
  4. there are followers of the teachings
  5. there are favourable conditions for Dharma practice

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The Five Personal Advantages

  1. being a human being
  2. born in a central land
  3. with faculties intact
  4. lifestyle not harmful or wrong
  5. with faith in the three pitakas

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