Five Pure Heavens

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The Five Pure Heavens (Tib. གཙང་གནས་ལྔ་, tsang né nga, Wyl. gtsang gnas lnga) are the five uppermost realms of the seventeen heavens of gods (Skt. rupadhatuvasiñjati; Tib. གཟུགས་ཁམས་གནས་རི་བཅུ་བདུན་, Wyl. gzugs khams gnas ri bcu bdun) in the form realm. They are a result of the fourth dhyana meditation, and are only accessible to noble beings.


  1. Unexcelled
  2. Extreme Insight/Great Vision (Skt. Sudarśa; Tib. ཤིན་ཏུ་མཐོང་, Wyl. shin tu mthong)
  3. Perfect Appearance/The Marvellous (Skt. Sudṛśa; Tib. གྱ་ནོམ་སྣང་བ་, Wyl. gya nom snang ba)
  4. The Painless/Without Distress (Skt. Atapa; Tib. མི་གདུང་པ་, Wyl. mi gdung pa)
  5. The Slightest/Not So Great (Skt. Abṛha; Tib. མི་ཆེ་བ་, Wyl. mi che ba)

Alternative Translations

  • Five Pure Abodes