Five classes of great dharanis

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The five great dharanis or more literally the five classes of great dharanis (Wyl. gzungs chen sde lnga) — the Fifth Dalai Lama said that the most important relic of the dharmakaya (Wyl. chos kyi sku’i ring bsrel) in a stupa are dharanis.[1] In particular, Tibetan scholars, group together five classes of dharanis, which are inserted as dharmakaya relics. Jamgön Kongtrul explains that, whether elaborate or short, one kind of each of these five dharanis must be inserted in every stupa together with the Kriyayogatantra, Spotless Rays of Light (Skt. Raśmivimalā; Wyl. ’od zer dri med).[2]

  1. Ushnishavijaya (Skt. Uṣṇīṣavijayā; Tib. གཙུག་ཏོར་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་མ་, Tsuktor Namgyalma, Wyl. gtsug tor rnam rgyal ma) dharani
  2. Vimaloshnisha (Skt. Vimaloṣṇīṣa; Tib. གཙུག་ཏོར་དྲི་མེད་, Tsuktor Drimed, Wyl. gtsug tor dri med) dharani
  3. Guhyadhatu (Skt. Guhyadhātu; Wyl. gsang ba ring bsrel) dharani
  4. Bodhigarbhalamkaralaksha (Skt. Bodhigarbhālaṃkāralakṣa; Wyl. byang chub rgyan 'bum) dharani
  5. Essence of Dependent Origination dharani (Skt. Pratītyasamutpādahṛdaya; Wyl. rten 'brel snying po)

References

  • See Kunsang Namgyal Lama. "Tsha Tsha Inscriptions: A Preliminary Survey." In Tibetan Inscriptions: Proceedings of a Panel held at the Twelfth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Vancouver 2010. Edited by Kurt Tropper, Cristina Scherrer-Schaub. Leiden: Brill, 2013: 1 - 42.
  • Bentor, Yael. "On the Indian Origins of the Tibetan Practice of Depositing Relics and Dhāraṇī in Stūpas and Images." In Journal of the American Oriental Society, 115 (2), 1995: 248 - 261.
  • Bentor, Yael. "The Content of Stūpas and Images and the Indo-Tibetan Concept of Relics." In The Tibet Journal 28 (1-2), 2003: 21 - 48.

Notes

  1. Bentor Yael “On the Indian Origins of the Tibetan Practice of Depositing Relics and Dhāraṇī in Stūpas and Images,” in Journal of the American Oriental Society 115, (2), 1995: 254.
  2. Kunsang Namgyal Lama, "Tsha Tsha Inscriptions: A Preliminary Survey," in Tibetan Inscriptions: Proceedings of a Panel held at the Twelfth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Vancouver 2010, (Leiden: Brill, 2013): 25 - 26.