Difference between revisions of "Four continents"

From Rigpa Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Oh already listed, removed the internal link)
 
(3 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[Image:Four Continents.jpg|frame|An illustration of our [[world]] system]]
 
[[Image:Four Continents.jpg|frame|An illustration of our [[world]] system]]
'''Four continents''' (Tib. གླིང་བཞི་, [[Wyl.]] ''gling bzhi'') — the four island-continents (Skt. ''dvīpa''; Tib. གླིང་, Wyl. ''gling'') which surround [[Mount Meru]] according to the cosmology of the [[Abhidharma]]. They are:
+
'''Four continents''' (Tib. གླིང་བཞི་, ''ling shyi'',  [[Wyl.]] ''gling bzhi'') — the four island-continents (Skt. ''dvīpa''; Tib. གླིང་, Wyl. ''gling'') which surround [[Mount Meru]] according to the cosmology of the [[Abhidharma]]. They are:
  
#[[Purvavideha]] (Skt. ''Pūrvavideha''; Tib. ལུས་འཕགས་པོ་,  ''Lüpakpo''; Wyl. ''lus 'phags po''; Eng. 'Surpassing the Body') in the East, which is semi-circular and white in colour;
+
#[[Purvavideha]] in the East, which is semi-circular and white in colour;
#[[Jambudvipa]] (Skt. ''Jambudvīpa''; Tib. འཛམ་བུ་གླིང་,  ''Dzambuling''; Wyl. ''‘dzam bu gling''; Eng. 'Rose-Apple Continent') in the South, which is trapezoidal and blue (this is the continent we human beings live in);
+
#[[Jambudvipa]] in the South, which is trapezoidal and blue (this is the continent we human beings live in);
 
#[[Aparagodaniya]] (Skt. ''Aparagodānīya;'' Tib. བ་ལང་སྤྱོད་, ''Balangchö''; Wyl. ''ba lang spyod''; Eng. 'Enjoyer of Cattle') in the West, which is circular and ruby red; and
 
#[[Aparagodaniya]] (Skt. ''Aparagodānīya;'' Tib. བ་ལང་སྤྱོད་, ''Balangchö''; Wyl. ''ba lang spyod''; Eng. 'Enjoyer of Cattle') in the West, which is circular and ruby red; and
 
#[[Uttarakuru]] (Skt.; Tib. སྒྲ་མི་སྙན་,  ''Draminyen''; Wyl. ''sgra mi snyan''; Eng. 'Unpleasant Sound') in the North, which is square and green.
 
#[[Uttarakuru]] (Skt.; Tib. སྒྲ་མི་སྙན་,  ''Draminyen''; Wyl. ''sgra mi snyan''; Eng. 'Unpleasant Sound') in the North, which is square and green.
Line 13: Line 13:
 
==Further Reading==
 
==Further Reading==
 
*[[Jamgön Kongtrul]], ''Myriad Worlds'' (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1995), pages 110-113 & 138-140, ISBN 978-1559391887
 
*[[Jamgön Kongtrul]], ''Myriad Worlds'' (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1995), pages 110-113 & 138-140, ISBN 978-1559391887
 +
  
 
[[Category:Three Realms of Samsara]]
 
[[Category:Three Realms of Samsara]]

Latest revision as of 01:39, 14 June 2018

An illustration of our world system

Four continents (Tib. གླིང་བཞི་, ling shyi, Wyl. gling bzhi) — the four island-continents (Skt. dvīpa; Tib. གླིང་, Wyl. gling) which surround Mount Meru according to the cosmology of the Abhidharma. They are:

  1. Purvavideha in the East, which is semi-circular and white in colour;
  2. Jambudvipa in the South, which is trapezoidal and blue (this is the continent we human beings live in);
  3. Aparagodaniya (Skt. Aparagodānīya; Tib. བ་ལང་སྤྱོད་, Balangchö; Wyl. ba lang spyod; Eng. 'Enjoyer of Cattle') in the West, which is circular and ruby red; and
  4. Uttarakuru (Skt.; Tib. སྒྲ་མི་སྙན་, Draminyen; Wyl. sgra mi snyan; Eng. 'Unpleasant Sound') in the North, which is square and green.

Each of the four continents is flanked by two subcontinents (Skt. kṣudradvīpāni; Tib. གླིང་ཕྲན་, ling tren; Wyl. gling phran) of the same shape (see eight subcontinents).

Apart from the Chamara subcontinent of Jambudvipa, which is inhabited by rakshasa demons, all the other island-continents are inhabited by human beings of different characteristics, life styles and life-spans. Each continent also has a specific attribute (see four attributes of the four continents).

Further Reading