Difference between revisions of "Heart Sutra"

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'''Heart Sutra''' (Skt. ''prajnaparamita hridaya''; Tib. ''shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'') - the most popular [[sutra]] of the [[prajñaparamita]] collection and indeed of the [[mahayana]] as a whole.
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[[Image:Prajnaparamita.jpg|frame|[[Prajñaparamita]]]]
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'''Heart Sutra''' (Skt. ''prajñāpāramitā hṛdaya''; Tib. ཤེས་རབ་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པའི་སྙིང་པོ་, [[Wyl.]] ''shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po''), aka ''The Twenty-Five Verses on the Perfection of Wisdom'' — the most popular [[sutra]] of the [[prajñaparamita]] collection and indeed of the [[Mahayana]] as a whole. Although the sutra primarily consists of a dialogue between [[Shariputra]] and the great [[bodhisattva]] [[Avalokiteshvara]], their words are inspired by the [[blessings]] of the [[Buddha]], who remains absorbed in [[samadhi]] meditation until the end of the discussion. As with all the prajñaparamita sutras, the teaching took place at [[Vulture's Peak]] near [[Rajagriha]].
  
==Teachings on the Heart Sutra==
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==Related to the Five Paths==
Over the years, the Rigpa Sangha has received many teachings on the ''Heart Sutra'', including the following:
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In the various commentaries, there are different explanations as to how the sutra can be related to the [[five paths]].
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==Mantra==
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The sutra includes the [[mantra]] '''tadyatha om gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha''' (''tadyathā oṃ gate gate pāragate pārasaṃgate bodhi svāhā''). [[Atisha]] explained that the mantra encapsulates the entire teaching of the Heart Sutra for the benefit of those of the sharpest faculties.<ref>Lopez (1996), p.170</ref>
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==Dokpa==
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The Heart Sutra is often recited together with a supplemental section for ''[[dokpa]]'', the practice of averting harm and negativity. The text of the dokpa section refers to an incident recounted in the ''[[Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Lines]]'' and ''[[Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eighteen Thousand Lines]]'', when the god [[Indra]] turned away [[Mara]] and his forces, who were approaching the Buddha, by contemplating and reciting the Prajnaparamita.<ref>Lopez (1996) pp.223-4</ref>
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==Text==
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The ''Hear Sutra'' was first translated into Tibetan by [[Vimalamitra]] and Rinchen Dé. The translation was later revised by Gewé Lodrö, Namkha and others.
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*[[Kangyur]], Prajnaparamita section, [[Toh]] 21
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==Commentaries==
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===Indian===
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*[[Atisha]],
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*[[Jñanamitra]], ''Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayavyākhyā'' (''<nowiki>'</nowiki>phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'i rnam par bshad pa'')
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*[[Kamalashila]],
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*Mahajana, ''Prajñāpāramitāhṛdārthaparijñāna'' (''shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'i don yongs su shes pa'')
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*[[Prashastrasena]], ''Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayaṭīkā'' (''<nowiki>'</nowiki>phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po rgya cher 'grel pa'')
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*[[Shri Singha]],
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*Vajrapani, ''Prajñāpāramitāhṛdārthapradīpa'' (''bcom ldan 'das ma shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'i 'grel pa don gyi sgron ma'')
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*[[Vimalamitra]], ''Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayaṭīkā'' (''<nowiki>'</nowiki>phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po rgya cher bshad pa'')
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 +
===Tibetan===
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*[[Gungthang Tenpé Drönmé]], ''shes rab snying po'i sngags kyi rnam bshad sbas don gsal ba sgron me''
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*Jamyang Gawé Lodrö
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*[[Ngawang Tendar]], ''Light of the Jewel'' (''shes rab snying po'i 'grel pa don gsal nor bu'i 'od'')
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*[[Taranatha]], ''Word Commentary'' (Tib. ཤེར་སྙིང་གི་ཚིག་འགྲེལ་, ''sher snying gi tshig 'grel'')
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:{{TBRCW|O01CT0029|O01CT0029d1e2612$W22276|ཤེར་སྙིང་གི་ཚིག་འགྲེལ་, ''sher snying gi tshig 'grel''}}
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===English===
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*[[Bokar Rinpoche]], ''Profound Wisdom of the Heart Sutra: And Other Teachings'' (Clear Point Press, 2002). In French: ''Le Soutra du Coeur'' (Editions Claire Lumière, 1999)
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*[[Chögyam Trungpa]], ''Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism'', (Boulder & London: Shambhala, 1973) chapter 'Shunyata', pages 187-206.
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*[[Dalai Lama]], ''Essence of the Heart Sutra'' (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2002), includes a commentary by Jamyang Gawé Lodrö (1429-1503).
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*[[Garchen Rinpoche]], ''Oral Commentaries on the Heart Sutra in Relation to Shamatha and Vipassana Meditation And Seven Point Mind Training'', San Francisco 2001 (San Francisco, Ratna Shri Sangha).
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*Rabten, Geshe, ''Echoes of Voidness'' (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1983)
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*Sonam Rinchen, Geshe, ''The Heart Sutra'', translated and edited by Ruth Sonam (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2003)
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*[[Thich Nhat Hanh]], ''The Heart of Understanding: Commentaries on the Prajnaparamita Heart Sutra'' (Berkeley: Parallax Press, 1988, 2009)
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*[[Khenpo Palden Sherab]] Rinpoche, ''Ceasless Echoes of the Great Silence, a Commentary on the Heart Sutra''. Translated by Khenpo Tsewang Dongyal Rinpoche. Published by Sky Dancer Press.
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==Translations==
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*{{LH|words-of-the-buddha/heart-sutra|The Heart of the Transcendent Perfection of Wisdom}}
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*{{LH|words-of-the-buddha/heart-sutra-with-extras|The Heart Sutra with additional prayers}}
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*Edward Conze, ''The Short Prajnaparamita Texts'', London: Luzac & Co, 1973
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==Famous Quotations==
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{{:Quotations: Heart Sutra}}
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==Notes==
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<small><references/></small>
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==Teachings on the Heart Sutra Given to the [[About Rigpa|Rigpa]] Sangha==
 
*[[Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche]], Rigpa London, 19 October 1991
 
*[[Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche]], Rigpa London, 19 October 1991
*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]], [[Lerab Ling]], April-May, 1998
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*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]], [[Lerab Ling]], April-May 1998
*[[Dzogchen Rinpoche]], [[Lerab Ling]], 1998
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*[[Dzogchen Rinpoche]], [[Lerab Ling]], July 1998
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*[[Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche]], using a commentary by [[Taranatha]], [[Lerab Ling]], 8-10 June 2010
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*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]], Haileybury, UK, 25 April 2011
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==Further Reading==
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===English===
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*Conze, Edward. ''The Prajñāpāramitā Literature'' (1960)
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*Eckel, Malcolm David, "Indian Commentaries on the Heart Sutra: The Politics of Interpretation" in ''Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies'', vol. 10, no. 2 (1987), pp. 69-79.
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*Lopez, Donald S. ''The Heart Sutra Explained: Indian and Tibetan Commentaries'', Abany: SUNY, 1988
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*Lopez, Donald S. "Inscribing the Bodhisattva's Speech: On the "Heart Sutra's" Mantra" in ''History of Religions'', Vol. 29, No. 4. (May, 1990), pp. 351-372
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*Lopez, Donald S. ''Elaborations on Emptiness: Uses of the Heart Sūtra''. Princeton University Press, 1996
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*Silk, Jonathan. ''The Heart Sūtra in Tibetan: A Critical Edition of the Two Recensions Contained in the Kanjur'', Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien, Universitāt Wien (Vienna 1994).
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==Internal Links==
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*[[Eleven son scriptures]]
  
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
*[http://lotsawahouse.org/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/heartsutra.mp3 Heart Sutra 'Dance Mix' by Gary Dyson]
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*{{LH|topics/prajnaparamita/|Prajnaparamita Series on Lotsawa House}}
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*[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6-wArQbu9GBV9adFXp4NfUar6g-70_OZ Teachings by Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche, in Kathmandu, Nepal, April 30-May 4, 2017]
  
 
[[Category:Texts]]
 
[[Category:Texts]]
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[[Category:Sutras]]
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[[Category:Mahayana Sutras]]
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[[Category:Prajnaparamita]]

Latest revision as of 14:40, 22 November 2020

Heart Sutra (Skt. prajñāpāramitā hṛdaya; Tib. ཤེས་རབ་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པའི་སྙིང་པོ་, Wyl. shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po), aka The Twenty-Five Verses on the Perfection of Wisdom — the most popular sutra of the prajñaparamita collection and indeed of the Mahayana as a whole. Although the sutra primarily consists of a dialogue between Shariputra and the great bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, their words are inspired by the blessings of the Buddha, who remains absorbed in samadhi meditation until the end of the discussion. As with all the prajñaparamita sutras, the teaching took place at Vulture's Peak near Rajagriha.

Related to the Five Paths

In the various commentaries, there are different explanations as to how the sutra can be related to the five paths.

Mantra

The sutra includes the mantra tadyatha om gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha (tadyathā oṃ gate gate pāragate pārasaṃgate bodhi svāhā). Atisha explained that the mantra encapsulates the entire teaching of the Heart Sutra for the benefit of those of the sharpest faculties.[1]

Dokpa

The Heart Sutra is often recited together with a supplemental section for dokpa, the practice of averting harm and negativity. The text of the dokpa section refers to an incident recounted in the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Lines and Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eighteen Thousand Lines, when the god Indra turned away Mara and his forces, who were approaching the Buddha, by contemplating and reciting the Prajnaparamita.[2]

Text

The Hear Sutra was first translated into Tibetan by Vimalamitra and Rinchen Dé. The translation was later revised by Gewé Lodrö, Namkha and others.

Commentaries

Indian

  • Atisha,
  • Jñanamitra, Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayavyākhyā ('phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'i rnam par bshad pa)
  • Kamalashila,
  • Mahajana, Prajñāpāramitāhṛdārthaparijñāna (shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'i don yongs su shes pa)
  • Prashastrasena, Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayaṭīkā ('phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po rgya cher 'grel pa)
  • Shri Singha,
  • Vajrapani, Prajñāpāramitāhṛdārthapradīpa (bcom ldan 'das ma shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po'i 'grel pa don gyi sgron ma)
  • Vimalamitra, Prajñāpāramitāhṛdayaṭīkā ('phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa'i snying po rgya cher bshad pa)

Tibetan

  • Gungthang Tenpé Drönmé, shes rab snying po'i sngags kyi rnam bshad sbas don gsal ba sgron me
  • Jamyang Gawé Lodrö
  • Ngawang Tendar, Light of the Jewel (shes rab snying po'i 'grel pa don gsal nor bu'i 'od)
  • Taranatha, Word Commentary (Tib. ཤེར་སྙིང་གི་ཚིག་འགྲེལ་, sher snying gi tshig 'grel)
TBRC-tag.png ཤེར་སྙིང་གི་ཚིག་འགྲེལ་, sher snying gi tshig 'grel

English

  • Bokar Rinpoche, Profound Wisdom of the Heart Sutra: And Other Teachings (Clear Point Press, 2002). In French: Le Soutra du Coeur (Editions Claire Lumière, 1999)
  • Chögyam Trungpa, Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism, (Boulder & London: Shambhala, 1973) chapter 'Shunyata', pages 187-206.
  • Dalai Lama, Essence of the Heart Sutra (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2002), includes a commentary by Jamyang Gawé Lodrö (1429-1503).
  • Garchen Rinpoche, Oral Commentaries on the Heart Sutra in Relation to Shamatha and Vipassana Meditation And Seven Point Mind Training, San Francisco 2001 (San Francisco, Ratna Shri Sangha).
  • Rabten, Geshe, Echoes of Voidness (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1983)
  • Sonam Rinchen, Geshe, The Heart Sutra, translated and edited by Ruth Sonam (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2003)
  • Thich Nhat Hanh, The Heart of Understanding: Commentaries on the Prajnaparamita Heart Sutra (Berkeley: Parallax Press, 1988, 2009)
  • Khenpo Palden Sherab Rinpoche, Ceasless Echoes of the Great Silence, a Commentary on the Heart Sutra. Translated by Khenpo Tsewang Dongyal Rinpoche. Published by Sky Dancer Press.

Translations

Famous Quotations

གཟུགས་སྟོང་པའོ། སྟོང་པ་ཉིད་གཟུགས་སོ།

གཟུགས་ལས་སྟོང་པ་ཉིད་གཞན་མ་ཡིན།

སྟོང་པ་ཉིད་ལས་ཀྱང་གཟུགས་གཞན་མ་ཡིན་ནོ།།

Form is emptiness; emptiness also is form.
Emptiness is no other than form,
Form is no other than emptiness.

Buddha Shakyamuni, Heart Sutra

Notes

  1. Lopez (1996), p.170
  2. Lopez (1996) pp.223-4

Teachings on the Heart Sutra Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Further Reading

English

  • Conze, Edward. The Prajñāpāramitā Literature (1960)
  • Eckel, Malcolm David, "Indian Commentaries on the Heart Sutra: The Politics of Interpretation" in Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, vol. 10, no. 2 (1987), pp. 69-79.
  • Lopez, Donald S. The Heart Sutra Explained: Indian and Tibetan Commentaries, Abany: SUNY, 1988
  • Lopez, Donald S. "Inscribing the Bodhisattva's Speech: On the "Heart Sutra's" Mantra" in History of Religions, Vol. 29, No. 4. (May, 1990), pp. 351-372
  • Lopez, Donald S. Elaborations on Emptiness: Uses of the Heart Sūtra. Princeton University Press, 1996
  • Silk, Jonathan. The Heart Sūtra in Tibetan: A Critical Edition of the Two Recensions Contained in the Kanjur, Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien, Universitāt Wien (Vienna 1994).

Internal Links

External Links