Pehar (Tib. པེ་ཧར་, Wyl. pe har) — in order to protect Samyé from any danger, Guru Rinpoche entrusted the king of the gyalpo spirits, Pehar, with the task of guarding it. Detailed accounts of how Pehar was bound are found in the more extensive biographies of Guru Rinpoche. Pehar is also the spirit channeled by the Nechung Oracle.
- Yeshe, Tsogyal, The Life and Liberation of Padmasambhava, Vol. I & II, (Emeryville: Dharma Publishing, 1978): 391 – 392.
- Yeshe Tsogyal, The Lotus-born: the life story of Padmasambhava, (Boston: Shambhala, 1999): 128 – 135.
- Dan Martin, "The Star King and the Four Children of Pehar: Popular Religious Movements of 11th- to 12th-Century Tibet", Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hung. XLIX: 1-2 (1996)
- Lin Shen-Yu: “Pehar: A Historical Survey” in Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines 19, 2010 Available online here