Difference between revisions of "Pramana"

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'''Pramana''' (Tib. ''tsema'') is a sanskrit term which refers to different notions. Its prime meaning, and its translation in this case, is 'valid cognition', a correct knowledge of a particular object. Valid cognition can either be [[direct perception]] or [[inference]].  
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'''Pramana''' (Tib. ''tsema''; ''tshad ma'') is a Sanskrit term, the primary meaning and most common translation of which is 'valid cognition', meaning the correct knowledge of a particular object. A valid cognition can either be a [[direct perception]] or an [[inference]].  
  
As a consequence, the term is used to refer to the corpus of Buddhist teachings on epistemology (the science of cognition, i.e. how do we know things) and ontology (which investigates the nature of existence), as those two aspects are inextricably linked in Buddhism. The forefathers of those teachings are the Indian masters [[Dignaga]] and [[Dharmakirti]]. It is taught in all [[shedra]]s since they are the basis for [[debate]], an important learning tool in traditional monastic universities. In this context the term is sometimes translated as 'Buddhist logic'.  
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As a consequence, the term is also used to refer to the corpus of Buddhist teachings on epistemology (the science of cognition, i.e. how do we know things) and ontology (which investigates the nature of existence), as these two are inextricably linked in Buddhism. The pioneers of these teachings are the Indian masters [[Dignaga]] and [[Dharmakirti]]. Pramana is taught in all [[shedra]]s since it is the basis for [[debate]], an important learning tool in traditional monastic universities. In this context the term is sometimes translated as 'Buddhist logic'.  
  
 
[[Category:Key Terms]]
 
[[Category:Key Terms]]

Revision as of 02:12, 29 March 2007

Pramana (Tib. tsema; tshad ma) is a Sanskrit term, the primary meaning and most common translation of which is 'valid cognition', meaning the correct knowledge of a particular object. A valid cognition can either be a direct perception or an inference.

As a consequence, the term is also used to refer to the corpus of Buddhist teachings on epistemology (the science of cognition, i.e. how do we know things) and ontology (which investigates the nature of existence), as these two are inextricably linked in Buddhism. The pioneers of these teachings are the Indian masters Dignaga and Dharmakirti. Pramana is taught in all shedras since it is the basis for debate, an important learning tool in traditional monastic universities. In this context the term is sometimes translated as 'Buddhist logic'.