Sautrantika

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Sautrantika (Skt. Sautrāntika; Tib. མདོ་སྡེ་པ་ Dodépa; Wyl. mdo sde pa) means ‘Follower of the Sutras’, and the members of this school are so-called because they do not accept the Abhidharma as a definitive teaching of the Buddha.

Subschools

There are two kinds of Sautrantikas or ‘Sutra Followers’:

  • the Sautrantikas Following Scripture whose description of the two truths accords with that of the Vaibhashikas; and
  • the Sautrantikas Following Logic who take as their basis Dharmakirti’s Seven Treatises on Logic.

Sautrantika View of Two Truths

Khenpo Ngakchung says:

Then, if we consider the Sautrantikas, it says in the Commentary on Valid Cognition[1]:
"That which can perform a function
Is here said to be ultimately existent.
All that can not perform a function
Is said to be relatively existent.
These are specific and general characteristics."
So, here, in this context, anything with unique characteristics that can perform a function is said to be absolute truth, and anything that is generally characterized and can not perform a function is said to belong merely to relative truth. Although things are explained this way when analyzing things so as to determine whether or not they have unique characteristics, this does not mean to say that there are not other classifications of the two truths.

Other Tenets

  • They believe that the present sense-consciousness arises based on the coming together of the object, faculty and consciousness in the previous moment.
  • They believe that non-concurrent formations and unconditioned phenomena are not substantially existent, but merely imputations.
  • The characteristics of arising, dwelling and ceasing are not distinct from entities, but are distinguished from them conceptually.
  • Objects are hidden, since only the mental features or aspects (Tib. རྣམ་པ་, Wyl. rnam pa) are perceived.

Alternative Translations

  • Sutra Followers

References

  1. དོན་དམ་དོན་བྱེད་ནུས་པ་གང༌། །

    དེ་འདིར་དོན་དམ་ཡོད་པ་ཡིན། །

    གཞན་ནི་ཀུན་རྫོབ་ཡོད་པ་སྟེ། །

    That which can ultimately perform a function
    Is here said to be ultimately existent.
    All else besides has relative existence.

    Dharmakīrti, Commentary on Valid Cognition, chapter III, 3