Thirteen bhumis

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Thirteen bhumis (Tib. ས་བཅུ་གསུམ་, sa chu sum; Wyl. sa bcu gsum) — according to the Sarma Schools, there are additional stages to the ten bhumis of the sutra system, which mark degrees of increase in qualities. The thirteen bhumis are:

  1. Perfect Joy (Skt. pramuditābhūmi; Tib. rabtu gawa; Wyl. rab tu dga’ ba)
  2. Immaculate / Stainless (Skt. vimalābhūmi; Tib. drima mepa; Wyl. dri ma med pa)
  3. Luminous / Illuminating (Skt. prabhākarībhūmi; Tib. ö jepa; Wyl. ‘od byed pa)
  4. Radiant (Skt. arciṣmatībhūmi; Tib. ö tro chen; Wyl. ‘od ‘phro can)
  5. Hard to Keep / Hard to Conquer (Skt. sudurjayābhūmi; Tib. shintu jankawa; Wyl. shin tu sbyang dka’ ba)
  6. Clearly Manifest (Skt. abhimukhībhūmi; Tib. ngöntu gyurpa; Wyl. mngon du gyur ba)
  7. Far Progressed (Skt. duraṅgamabhūmi; Tib. ringtu songwa; Wyl. ring du song ba)
  8. Immovable (Skt. acālabhūmi; Tib. miyowa; Wyl. mi g.yo ba)
  9. Perfect Intellect (Skt. sādhuṃatībhūmi; Tib. lekpé lodrö; Wyl. legs pa’i blo gros)
  10. Cloud of Dharma (Skt. dharmameghaābhūmi; Tib. chökyi trin; Wyl. chos kyi sprin)
  11. Universal Radiance (Tib. kuntu ö; Wyl. kun tu 'od)
  12. Lotus of Non-Attachment (Tib. machak pema chen; Wyl. ma chags padma can)
  13. Vajra Holder (Tib. dorje dzin; Wyl. rdo rje 'dzin)—buddhahood itself, according to the inner secret mantra.

Further Reading