The four misapprehensions' (Skt. viparyaya; Tib. ཕྱིན་ཅི་ལོག་པ་བཞི་, chin chi lokpa shyi, Wyl. phyin ci log pa bzhi) are four wrong views:
- mistaking things that are impermanent such as forms for something permanent
- mistaking suffering for happiness
- mistaking what has no identity of itself as having an identity
- mistaking what is impure for something pure
These are said to be the opposites of the four seals.
- four mistakes (Dharmachakra Translation Committee)
- four errors (Dharmachakra Translation Committee)