Four modes

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Four modes (Skt. caturvidha; Wyl. tshul bzhi) are:

  1. literal
  2. general
  3. hidden
  4. ultimate

Further Reading

  • Appendix 1. The Six Limits & Four Modes pp.161-166 in ‘The Light of Wisdom’ Volume 1. Root text by Padmasambhava and commentary by Jamgön Kongtrül the Great. Published by Shambhala Publications ISBN 0-87773-566-2

Internal Links

Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo

Six limits