- All that is conditioned is impermanent,
- All that is tainted is suffering,
- Nirvana is peace,
- All phenomena are empty and devoid of self.
Significance of the Four Seals
These are said to be the hallmark of the Buddha’s teaching, and it is often said that the mark of a real Buddhist is that he or she accepts these four. Of course, taking refuge is the real entrance to the Buddhist path, and that which serves to distinguish Buddhists from non-buddhists, but in terms of the View, these four statements encapsulate the uniqueness of the Buddha’s teachings and really set the Buddhadharma apart from all other religions and philosophies.
- Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche, What Makes You Not a Buddhist, Shambhala 2007.
- Chökyi Nyima Rinpoche, Indisputable Truth, Rangjung Yeshe, 1996.
- Dalai Lama, Dzogchen, Snow Lion, 2000, pages 101-106.
- Dalai Lama, The World of Tibetan Buddhism, Wisdom Publications, 1995.
- Mipham Rinpoche, Gateway to Knowledge Vol. 4, Rangjung Yeshe (forthcoming)