Difference between revisions of "Kangyur"

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[[Image:Buton.JPG|thumb|[[Butön Rinchen Drup]]]]
 
[[Image:Buton.JPG|thumb|[[Butön Rinchen Drup]]]]
'''Kangyur''' ([[Wyl.]] ''bka' 'gyur'') literally the 'translated words' of the [[Buddha]] — the Tibetan [[Buddhist Canon]] is divided into the actual [[Word of the Buddha|words of the Buddha]] contained in the Kangyur, and the [[treatise]]s composed by the learned and accomplished masters of India, which are contained in the [[Tengyur]]. The compilation of the first version of the Kangyur was finalized by the great scholar [[Butön Rinchen Drup]] (1290-1364). Several versions of the compilation existed in Tibet, among which the most notable are those from [[Dergé Kangyur|Dergé]], [[Lhasa Kangyur|Lhasa]], [[Narthang Kangyur|Narthang]], [[Choné Kangyur|Choné]], Peking, [[Urga Kangyur|Urga]], Phudrak, and [[Tok Palace Kangyur|Tok Palace]].
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'''Kangyur''' ([[Wyl.]] ''bka' 'gyur'') literally the 'translated words' of the [[Buddha]]. The Kangyur is a collection of Buddha's own teachings in their Tibetan translation. The [[Word of the Buddha|words of the Buddha]] are the [[sutra]]s and the [[tantra]]s. The parent collection of the Kangyur is the [[Tengyur]] that gathers the [[treatise]]s composed by the great Indian masters of the first millenium in Tibetan translation. Though these collections aimed at exhaustiveness, most [[Nyingma]] tantras were left out by their [[Sarma]] compilers. This lead to the creation of the [[Nyingma Gyübum]] that brings together the Nyingma tantras.  
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The compilation of the first version of the Kangyur was finalized by the great scholar [[Butön Rinchen Drup]] (1290-1364). Several versions of the compilation existed in Tibet, among which the most notable are those from [[Dergé Kangyur|Dergé]], [[Lhasa Kangyur|Lhasa]], [[Narthang Kangyur|Narthang]], [[Choné Kangyur|Choné]], Peking, [[Urga Kangyur|Urga]], Phudrak, and [[Tok Palace Kangyur|Tok Palace]]. Before the compilation work started, most of the texts in these collections existed in several translations. The editors chose the one they considered the best. While the 'chosen one' became authoritative, most of the other ones disappeared. The different editions mostly show minor variations in the texts collected.  
  
 
==Divisions==
 
==Divisions==

Revision as of 18:32, 3 December 2011

Kangyur (Wyl. bka' 'gyur) literally the 'translated words' of the Buddha. The Kangyur is a collection of Buddha's own teachings in their Tibetan translation. The words of the Buddha are the sutras and the tantras. The parent collection of the Kangyur is the Tengyur that gathers the treatises composed by the great Indian masters of the first millenium in Tibetan translation. Though these collections aimed at exhaustiveness, most Nyingma tantras were left out by their Sarma compilers. This lead to the creation of the Nyingma Gyübum that brings together the Nyingma tantras.

The compilation of the first version of the Kangyur was finalized by the great scholar Butön Rinchen Drup (1290-1364). Several versions of the compilation existed in Tibet, among which the most notable are those from Dergé, Lhasa, Narthang, Choné, Peking, Urga, Phudrak, and Tok Palace. Before the compilation work started, most of the texts in these collections existed in several translations. The editors chose the one they considered the best. While the 'chosen one' became authoritative, most of the other ones disappeared. The different editions mostly show minor variations in the texts collected.

Divisions

Further Reading

  • Paul Harrison, 'A Brief History of the Tibetan bKa' 'gyur' in Cabezón and Jackson, ed., Tibetan Literature: Studies in Genre, Snow Lion, 1996
  • Peter Skilling, Translating the Buddha's Words: Some Notes on the Kanjur Translation Project, Nonthaburi, March 11, 2009
  • Peter Skilling, 'Kanjur Titles and Colophons' in Tibetan Studies, vol. 2. Oslo, 1994, pp.768-780

External Links