Ornament of the Middle Way

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Shantarakshita, author of the Madhyamakalankara

The Ornament of the Middle Way (Skt. Madhyamakālaṃkāra; Tib. དབུ་མ་རྒྱན་, Uma Gyen, Wyl. dbu ma rgyan) was written by Shantarakshita, the great Indian scholar who assisted Guru Padmasambhava in introducing Buddhism to Tibet and founding the famous monastery of Samyé. There is a famous commentary by Mipham Rinpoche, his most comprehensive work on Madhyamika, which brilliantly sets out the unique Nyingma view bringing together themes from the Middle Way and the Mind Only schools.

It was translated from Sanskrit into Tibetan by Yeshe De under the guidance of acharya Shilendrabodhi. Kamalashila's Commentary on Difficult Points was also translated by Yeshe De, under the guidance of Surendrabodhi and Prajñāvarman.




  • Shantarakshita, Commentary on the Ornament of the Middle Way (Skt. Madhyamakālamkāra-vṛtti; Wyl. dbu ma'i rgyan gyi 'grel pa)
  • Kamalashila, Commentary on the Difficult Points of the Ornament of the Middle Way (Skt. Madhyamakālaṅkāra-pañjikā;
TBRC-tag.png དབུ་མ་རྒྱན་གྱི་དཀའ་གྲེལ་, Wyl. dbu ma'i rgyan gyi dka' 'grel)


Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Further Reading

  • Kennard Lipman, A Study of Śāntarakṣita's Madhyamakālaṃkāra, PhD dissertation, Saskatchewan 1979.
  • Masamichi Ichigo, Madhyamakālaṃkāra, Kyoto 1985.