Difference between revisions of "Pratimoksha vows"

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The '''vows of pratimoksha''' (Skt. ''pratimokṣa-saṃvara''; [[Wyl.]] ''so thar gyi sdom pa'') or vows of ‘individual liberation’ (Skt. ''pratimokṣa''; [[Wyl.]] ''so sor thar pa'') mainly emphasize disciplining one’s physical behaviour and not harming others.  
 
The '''vows of pratimoksha''' (Skt. ''pratimokṣa-saṃvara''; [[Wyl.]] ''so thar gyi sdom pa'') or vows of ‘individual liberation’ (Skt. ''pratimokṣa''; [[Wyl.]] ''so sor thar pa'') mainly emphasize disciplining one’s physical behaviour and not harming others.  
  
Pratimoksha discipline is called the foundation of Buddhism because for ordinary people physical discipline is the beginning of spiritual training and the basis of spiritual progress. The aspiration of the pure pratimoksha discipline is the achievement of liberation for oneself, as it belongs to the [[shravaka]] training. However, since Tibetan Buddhists are automatically followers of the [[Mahayana]], they emphasize taking the pratimoksha vows with the attitude of [[bodhichitta]].
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Pratimoksha discipline is called the foundation of Buddhism because for ordinary people physical discipline is the beginning of spiritual training and the basis of spiritual progress. The aspiration of the pure pratimoksha discipline is the achievement of liberation for oneself, as it belongs to the [[shravaka]] training. However, since Tibetan Buddhists are automatically followers of the [[Mahayana]], they emphasize taking the pratimoksha vows with the attitude of [[bodhichitta]]. There are [[seven types of pratimoksha vows]] or [[eight types of pratimoksha vows]].
 
 
==Seven Types of Pratimoksha Vows==
 
These are the vows of:
 
#a [[fully ordained monk]] (Skt. ''bhikṣu''; Tib. [[དགེ་སློང་]])
 
#a [[fully ordained nun]] (Skt. ''bhikṣuṇī''; Tib. [[དགེ་སློང་མ་]])
 
#a [[novice monk]] (Skt. ''śrāmanera''; Tib. [[དགེ་ཚུལ་]])
 
#a [[novice nun]] (Skt. ''śrāmanerikā''; Tib. [[དགེ་ཚུལ་མ་]])
 
#a [[female novice in training for full ordination]] (Skt. ''śikṣamāṇā''; Tib. [[དགེ་སློབ་མ་]])
 
#a male lay practitioner (Skt. ''[[upāsaka]]''; Tib. [[དགེ་བསྙེན་]])
 
#a female lay practitioner (Skt. ''[[upāsikā]]''; Tib. [[དགེ་བསྙེན་མ་]])
 
 
 
There are sometimes said to be '''eight types of pratimoksha vows'''. The eighth category is that of the [[one day lay vows]] (Skt. ''ashtangopavasa shiksha'';  Tib. [[བསྙེན་གནས་]] ''nyen né'').
 
  
 
==Further Reading==
 
==Further Reading==

Revision as of 09:34, 18 March 2016

The vows of pratimoksha (Skt. pratimokṣa-saṃvara; Wyl. so thar gyi sdom pa) or vows of ‘individual liberation’ (Skt. pratimokṣa; Wyl. so sor thar pa) mainly emphasize disciplining one’s physical behaviour and not harming others.

Pratimoksha discipline is called the foundation of Buddhism because for ordinary people physical discipline is the beginning of spiritual training and the basis of spiritual progress. The aspiration of the pure pratimoksha discipline is the achievement of liberation for oneself, as it belongs to the shravaka training. However, since Tibetan Buddhists are automatically followers of the Mahayana, they emphasize taking the pratimoksha vows with the attitude of bodhichitta. There are seven types of pratimoksha vows or eight types of pratimoksha vows.

Further Reading

  • Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thayé, The Treasury of Knowledge, Book Five: Buddhist Ethics (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998, reedited 2003)
  • Lama Mipham's Commentary to Nagarjuna's Stanzas for a Novice Monk and Tsongkhapa's Essence of the Ocean of Vinaya, translated by Glen H. Mullin and Lobsang Rapgay (Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1978)
  • Ngari Panchen, Perfect Conduct: The Absolute Certainty of the Three Vows with commentary by Dudjom Rinpoche (Boston: Wisdom, 1996)
  • Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen, A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential Distinctions among the Individual Liberation, Great Vehicle, and Tantric Systems, translated by Jared Rhoton (New York: SUNY, 2002)