Difference between revisions of "Pronunciation of Sanskrit words"

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==References==
 
==References==
 
* Source: This presentation is partially based on Charles Wikner's ''A practical Sanskrit Introductory'' and ''Sanskrit für Anfänger'' by Thomas Lehman.)
 
* Source: This presentation is partially based on Charles Wikner's ''A practical Sanskrit Introductory'' and ''Sanskrit für Anfänger'' by Thomas Lehman.)
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==Internal Links==
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* [[Rigpa Phonetic Guidelines]]
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* [[Editorial Guidelines]]
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==External Links==
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanagari_transliteration Overview of the different Sanskrit / Devanagari transliteration schemes]
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* [http://www.ashtangayoga.info/source-texts/sanskrit/transkription-tool/ Conversion tool for different Sanskrit / Devanagari transcription systems]
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[[Category::Sanskrit]]

Revision as of 09:36, 30 April 2014

Since the Sanskrit alphabet consists of a number of letters and sounds that do not exist in the Latin alphabet, certain additional signs, so-called diacritics are required in the Latin script for the representation and transliteration of these sounds. In Sanskrit each letter represents one and only one sound. In English the letter a for example may indicate many sounds (e.g. fat, fate, fare, far) but not so in Sanskrit.

There are five different kinds of diacritical signs:

  • a horizontal line on top of a vowel which prolongs the vocal length, like with ā. E.g. as in harm or drama.
  • a dot underneath for reflection. In the case of the letters , , , , , the difference is too subtle, so we can neglect this and pronounce the letter as if there was no dot.
  • A change in pronunciation occurs with the following letters: The equals a sh-sound, like in shade. The sound of is a combination of r followed by a short ee-sound, e.g. as in rich, unlike reef. The is an unvoiced breath following a vowel.
  • a dot on top for the guttural nasal sound . E.g. like in wrong.
  • an accent for the palatal sibilant ś. The sound is basically the same as for , i.e. a sh-sound, like in fresh.
  • a tilde for the palatal nasal sound ñ. This sounds equals ny, like in canyon.
  • consonants followed by an h are slightly more aspirated, but the difference is subtle.

A few common appearances: kṣa like in kshatriya (the Buddha's caste), kṛṣṇa like in krishna, and jñā like in jñāna (primordial wisdom).

Overview

a but not bat
ā harm not ham
i pink
ī peep
u put
ū boot
rich
table
e mess
ai aisle or pie
o beau
au down or hound

References

  • Source: This presentation is partially based on Charles Wikner's A practical Sanskrit Introductory and Sanskrit für Anfänger by Thomas Lehman.)

Internal Links

External Links


[[Category::Sanskrit]]