Difference between revisions of "Six heavens of the desire realm"

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m (Celestial Heavens)
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==Celestial Heavens==
 
==Celestial Heavens==
 
===Free of Combat===
 
===Free of Combat===
*Skt. ''Yāma''; Tib. འཐབ་བྲལ་, ''Tabdral''; Wyl. '' 'thab bral''
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*Skt. ''Yāma''; Tib. འཐབ་བྲལ་, ''Tabdral'', Wyl. '' 'thab bral''
  
 
This is the first celestial heaven. It is located in the space above Mount Sumeru and, as such, it is no longer subject to the attacks of the [[demi-gods]].
 
This is the first celestial heaven. It is located in the space above Mount Sumeru and, as such, it is no longer subject to the attacks of the [[demi-gods]].
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===Joyous Realm===
 
===Joyous Realm===
*Skt. ''[[Tushita]]''; Tib. དགའ་ལྡན་, ''Ganden'' ; Wyl. ''dga' ldan''
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*Skt. ''[[Tuṣita]]''; Tib. དགའ་ལྡན་, ''Ganden'', Wyl. ''dga' ldan''
  
The [[Buddha]] resided here until the time came to take rebirth in the human realm, and demonstrate the [[twelve deeds]] of the [[supreme nirmanakaya]]. Before passing from Tushita he prophisied the bodhisattva [[Maitreya]]'s [[enlightenment]] as the buddha to follow him, and placed his crown on Maitreya's head, making him his regent. Maitreya will abide here until the time has come for him to demonstrate the twelve deeds.
+
The [[Buddha]] resided here until the time came to take rebirth in the human realm, and demonstrate the [[twelve deeds]] of the [[supreme nirmanakaya]]. Before passing from Tushita he prophesied the bodhisattva [[Maitreya]]'s [[enlightenment]] as the buddha to follow him, and placed his crown on Maitreya's head, making him his regent. Maitreya will abide here until the time has come for him to demonstrate the twelve deeds.
  
 
Later, the Buddha returned to give teachings to his mother, who had been reborn here after giving birth to him.
 
Later, the Buddha returned to give teachings to his mother, who had been reborn here after giving birth to him.
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===Enjoying Emanation===
 
===Enjoying Emanation===
*Skt. ''Nirmāṇarataya''; Tib. འཕྲུལ་དགའ་''Trulga''; Wyl. '' 'phrul dga' ''
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*Skt. ''Nirmāṇarataya''; Tib. འཕྲུལ་དགའ་, ''Trulga'', Wyl. '' 'phrul dga' ''
 
Gods in this realm create and enjoy their own objects of pleasure.
 
Gods in this realm create and enjoy their own objects of pleasure.
  
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===Controlling Others' Emanations===
 
===Controlling Others' Emanations===
*Skt. ''Parinirmitvashavartin''; Tib. གཞན་འཕྲུལ་དབང་བྱེད་, ''Shyentrul Wang Jé''; Wyl. ''gzhan 'phrul dbang byed''
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*Skt. ''Parinirmitvashavartin''; Tib. གཞན་འཕྲུལ་དབང་བྱེད་, ''Shyentrul Wang Jé'', Wyl. ''gzhan 'phrul dbang byed''
  
 
This is the most refined state in which one can be reborn within the desire realm. Gods in this realm enjoy pleasures created magically by other gods.
 
This is the most refined state in which one can be reborn within the desire realm. Gods in this realm enjoy pleasures created magically by other gods.

Revision as of 09:10, 9 June 2019

Depiction of the gods from a thangka of the Wheel of Life

The six heavens of the desire realm are (from lowest to highest):

Terrestrial Heavens

Heaven of the Four Great Kings

  • Skt. Caturmahārājakāyika; Tib. རྒྱལ་ཆེན་རིགས་བཞི་, Gyalchen Rikshyi; Wyl. rgyal chen rigs bzhi

The Four Great Kings, along with their retinues, reside upon the fourth terrace of Mount Sumeru. Upon the lower terraces live, in descending order, the gods of the Ever-Ecstatic, Garland-Bearers, and Vessel-Bearers. The crests of the seven mountain ranges, the sun, the moon, and all the stars also belong to the abodes of the Four Great Kings.

It is said that Vishnu resides in this realm.

Fifty human years equal one day in this realm.

Heaven of the Thirty-Three

  • Skt. Trāyastriṃśa; Tib. སུམ་ཅུ་རྩ་གསུམ་, Sumchu Tsasum; Wyl. sum cu rtsa gsum

This is the uppermost terrestrial heaven, and is located on the peak of Mount Sumeru.

It contains the city Fair to See, in which Indra is King.

A hundred human years equal one day in this realm.

Celestial Heavens

Free of Combat

  • Skt. Yāma; Tib. འཐབ་བྲལ་, Tabdral, Wyl. 'thab bral

This is the first celestial heaven. It is located in the space above Mount Sumeru and, as such, it is no longer subject to the attacks of the demi-gods.

Two hundred human years equal one day in this realm.

Joyous Realm

  • Skt. Tuṣita; Tib. དགའ་ལྡན་, Ganden, Wyl. dga' ldan

The Buddha resided here until the time came to take rebirth in the human realm, and demonstrate the twelve deeds of the supreme nirmanakaya. Before passing from Tushita he prophesied the bodhisattva Maitreya's enlightenment as the buddha to follow him, and placed his crown on Maitreya's head, making him his regent. Maitreya will abide here until the time has come for him to demonstrate the twelve deeds.

Later, the Buddha returned to give teachings to his mother, who had been reborn here after giving birth to him.

It is said that wicked Mara also resides in this heaven.

Four hundred human years equal one day in this realm.

Enjoying Emanation

  • Skt. Nirmāṇarataya; Tib. འཕྲུལ་དགའ་, Trulga, Wyl. 'phrul dga'

Gods in this realm create and enjoy their own objects of pleasure.

Eight hundred human years equal one day in this realm.

Controlling Others' Emanations

  • Skt. Parinirmitvashavartin; Tib. གཞན་འཕྲུལ་དབང་བྱེད་, Shyentrul Wang Jé, Wyl. gzhan 'phrul dbang byed

This is the most refined state in which one can be reborn within the desire realm. Gods in this realm enjoy pleasures created magically by other gods.

Sixteen hundred human years equal one day in this realm.

Sources

Further Reading