Difference between revisions of "Six paramitas"

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[[Image:Bodhisattva.JPG|frame|Bodhisattva [[sangha]] from the [[Longchen Nyingtik]] Field of Merit]]The '''six [[paramitas]]''' or 'transcendent perfections' (Skt. ''ṣaṭpāramitā''; Tib. [[ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་དྲུག་]], ''parol tu chinpa druk''; [[Wyl.]] ''pha rol tu phyin pa drug'') comprise the training of a [[bodhisattva]], which is [[bodhichitta in action]].  
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<noinclude>[[Image:Bodhisattva.JPG|frame|Bodhisattva [[sangha]] from the [[Longchen Nyingtik]] field of merit]]
 
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The '''six [[paramitas]]''' or 'transcendent perfections' (Skt. ''ṣaṭpāramitā''; Tib. [[ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་དྲུག་]], ''parol tu chinpa druk''; [[Wyl.]] ''pha rol tu phyin pa drug'') comprise the training of a [[bodhisattva]], which is [[bodhichitta in action]].  
#[[Generosity]] (Skt. ''dāna''; Tib. [[སྦྱིན་པ་]], ''jinpa''): to cultivate the attitude of generosity.   
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</noinclude>
#[[Discipline]] (Skt. ''śīla''; Tib. [[ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས་]], ''tsultrim''): refraining from harm.
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#[[Generosity]]: to cultivate the attitude of generosity.   
#[[Patience]] (Skt. ''kṣānti''; Tib. བཟོད་པ་, ''zöpa''): the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
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#[[Discipline]]: refraining from harm.
#[[Diligence]] (Skt. ''vīrya''; Tib. [[བརྩོན་འགྲུས་]], ''tsöndrü''): to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
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#[[Patience]]: the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
#[[Meditative concentration]] (Skt. ''dhyāna''; Tib. [[བསམ་གཏན་]], ''samten''):  not to be distracted.
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#[[Diligence]]: to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
#[[Wisdom]] (Skt. ''prajñā''; Tib. [[ཤེས་རབ་]], ''sherab''):  the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all knowable things.
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#[[Meditative concentration]]:  not to be distracted.
 
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#[[Wisdom]]:  the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all [[knowable thing]]s.
The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of '''[[merit]]''', and the sixth to the accumulation of '''wisdom'''.
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<noinclude>
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The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of '''[[merit]]''', and the sixth to the accumulation of '''wisdom'''. The sixth paramita can be divided into four, resulting in [[ten paramitas]].
  
 
==Written Sources==
 
==Written Sources==
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*[[Chandrakirti]]’s ''[[Introduction to the Middle Way]]'' and  
 
*[[Chandrakirti]]’s ''[[Introduction to the Middle Way]]'' and  
 
*[[Shantideva]]’s ''[[Bodhicharyavatara]]''.
 
*[[Shantideva]]’s ''[[Bodhicharyavatara]]''.
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==Teachings Given to the [[About Rigpa|Rigpa]] Sangha==
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*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]], [[Dzogchen Beara]], Ireland, 8 July 2012
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*[[Dzogchen Rinpoche]], London, 19-23 June 1998
  
 
==Further Reading==
 
==Further Reading==
 
*[[Dzogchen Ponlop]], ''Rebel Buddha'' (Boston: Shambhala, 2010), pages 124-132.
 
*[[Dzogchen Ponlop]], ''Rebel Buddha'' (Boston: Shambhala, 2010), pages 124-132.
*Geshe Sonam Rinchen, ''The Six Perfections'', translated by Ruth Sonam (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998)
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*Geshe Sonam Rinchen, ''The Six Perfections'', translated by Ruth Sonam (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998), ISBN 978-1559390897
 
*[[Khenpo Ngawang Pelzang]], ''[[A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2004), pages 181-219.
 
*[[Khenpo Ngawang Pelzang]], ''[[A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2004), pages 181-219.
 
*[[Patrul Rinpoche]], ''[[The Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Boston: Shambhala, Revised edition, 1998), pages 234-261.
 
*[[Patrul Rinpoche]], ''[[The Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Boston: Shambhala, Revised edition, 1998), pages 234-261.
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*[[Khenpo Kunzang Palden|Khenpo Kunpal]], ''[[Drops of Nectar|The Nectar of Manjushri's Speech]]'', translated by Padmakara Translation Group. Published by Shambhala. ISBN 978-1-59030-439-6
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*[[Khenpo Palden Sherab]] Rinpoche,''Ceasless Echoes of the Great Silence, a Commentary on the Heart Sutra''. Translated by Khenpo Tsewang Dongyal Rinpoche. Pages 81-96. Published by Sky Dancer Press. ISBN 1-880976-01-7
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
<references/>
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<small><references/></small>
  
 
==Internal Links==
 
==Internal Links==
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[[Category:Key Terms]]
 
[[Category:Key Terms]]
 
[[Category:Bodhichitta]]
 
[[Category:Bodhichitta]]
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[[Category:Paramitas]]
 
[[Category:Enumerations]]
 
[[Category:Enumerations]]
 
[[Category:06-Six]]
 
[[Category:06-Six]]
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</noinclude>

Latest revision as of 17:44, 12 June 2018

Bodhisattva sangha from the Longchen Nyingtik field of merit

The six paramitas or 'transcendent perfections' (Skt. ṣaṭpāramitā; Tib. ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་དྲུག་, parol tu chinpa druk; Wyl. pha rol tu phyin pa drug) comprise the training of a bodhisattva, which is bodhichitta in action.

  1. Generosity: to cultivate the attitude of generosity.
  2. Discipline: refraining from harm.
  3. Patience: the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
  4. Diligence: to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
  5. Meditative concentration: not to be distracted.
  6. Wisdom: the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all knowable things.

The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of merit, and the sixth to the accumulation of wisdom. The sixth paramita can be divided into four, resulting in ten paramitas.

Written Sources

Sutras

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Shastras

The six paramitas are mentioned and explained in many of the most important Indian sources, such as

Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Further Reading

References

  1. See The Fortunate Aeon: How the Thousand Buddhas Became Enlightened (Berkeley: Dharma Publishing, 1986), Vol. One, pages 97-477.

Internal Links