Difference between revisions of "Six types of cause"

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The '''six types of cause''' ([[Wyl.]] ''rgyu drug'') are the basis on which all [[conditioned|conditioned things]] arise. They are:
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The '''six types of cause''' (Skt. ''ṣaḍhetu''; Tib. [[རྒྱུ་དྲུག་]]; Tib. རྒྱུ་དྲུག, ''gyu druk'', [[Wyl.]] ''rgyu drug'') are the basis on which all [[conditioned|conditioned things]] arise. They are:
  
# '''Acting causes''' (''byed pa'i rgyu'') are like the seed to its sprout. This is the general trait of all types of causes.
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#[[efficient cause]] (''kāraṇahetu''; ''byed pa'i rgyu'')  
# '''Cooperating causes''' (''lhan cig 'byung ba'i rgyu'') are things that mutually uphold one another, like tent-poles in tipi supporting each other.
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#[[coemergent cause]] (''sahabhūhetu''; ''lhan cig 'byung ba'i rgyu'')
# '''Causes similar to their result''' (''skal pa mnyam pa'i rgyu'') when cause and effect are of similar kind, as for example, virtue arising from a virtuous frame of mind or barley growing from barley.
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#[[cause similar to its result]] (''sabhāgahetu''; ''skal pa mnyam pa'i rgyu'')
# '''Concurrent causes''' (''mtshungs par ldan pa'i rgyu'') correspond only to [[consciousness]] and [[mental states]] which are concurrent in five ways. They are a type of cooperating causes.
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#[[concomitant cause]] (''saṃprayuktahetu''; ''mtshungs par ldan pa'i rgyu'')  
#'''Omnipresent causes''' (''kun tu 'gro ba'i rgyu'') --here "omnipresent" referring to [[disturbing emotions]], it is just another way of talking about production by phenomena mixed with disturbing emotions.
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#[[omnipresent cause]] (''sarvatragahetu''; ''kun tu 'gro ba'i rgyu'').
# '''Causes of karmic ripening''' (''rnam par smin pa'i rgyu'') which produce pleasurable and painful experiences in [[samsara]]. They refer only to [[tainted]] virtue or nonvirtue.  
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#[[ripening cause]] (''vipākahetu''; ''rnam par smin pa'i rgyu'')
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==Alternative translations==
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[[Erik Pema Kunsang]]:
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1. The acting cause
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2. The co-originating cause
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3. The equal status cause
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4. The concurrent cause
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5. The leading cause
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6. The ripening cause
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David Karma Choepel:
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1. Enabling cause
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2. The coemergent cause
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3. Cause of same status
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4. The concurrent cause
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5. The universal cause
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6. The full ripening cause
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Leo M. Pruden (in the English translation of Louis de La Vallee Poussin's French version of  ''[[Abhidharmakosha|Abhidharmakosabhasyam]]'' of [[Vasubandhu]]):-
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1. Reason for existence
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2. Coexistent cause
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3. Parallel cause
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4. Associated cause
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5. Universal cause
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6. Retributive cause
  
 
==Internal Links==
 
==Internal Links==
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[[Category:Philosophical Tenets]]
 
[[Category:Philosophical Tenets]]
[[Category: Enumerations]]
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[[Category:Abhidharma]]
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[[Category:Enumerations]]
 
[[Category:06-Six]]
 
[[Category:06-Six]]

Latest revision as of 22:55, 17 March 2018

The six types of cause (Skt. ṣaḍhetu; Tib. རྒྱུ་དྲུག་; Tib. རྒྱུ་དྲུག, gyu druk, Wyl. rgyu drug) are the basis on which all conditioned things arise. They are:

  1. efficient cause (kāraṇahetu; byed pa'i rgyu)
  2. coemergent cause (sahabhūhetu; lhan cig 'byung ba'i rgyu)
  3. cause similar to its result (sabhāgahetu; skal pa mnyam pa'i rgyu)
  4. concomitant cause (saṃprayuktahetu; mtshungs par ldan pa'i rgyu)
  5. omnipresent cause (sarvatragahetu; kun tu 'gro ba'i rgyu).
  6. ripening cause (vipākahetu; rnam par smin pa'i rgyu)

Alternative translations

Erik Pema Kunsang: 1. The acting cause 2. The co-originating cause 3. The equal status cause 4. The concurrent cause 5. The leading cause 6. The ripening cause

David Karma Choepel: 1. Enabling cause 2. The coemergent cause 3. Cause of same status 4. The concurrent cause 5. The universal cause 6. The full ripening cause

Leo M. Pruden (in the English translation of Louis de La Vallee Poussin's French version of Abhidharmakosabhasyam of Vasubandhu):- 1. Reason for existence 2. Coexistent cause 3. Parallel cause 4. Associated cause 5. Universal cause 6. Retributive cause

Internal Links