Difference between revisions of "Ten bhumis"

From Rigpa Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Tibetan.)
m
 
Line 2: Line 2:
 
'''Ten [[bhumi]]s''' (Skt. ''daśabhūmi''; Tib. ས་བཅུ་, ''sa chu'', [[Wyl.]] ''sa bcu'') — ten stages or ‘grounds’ used in the [[Mahayana]] to describe the progression of a practitioner on the path to [[enlightenment]]. They are:
 
'''Ten [[bhumi]]s''' (Skt. ''daśabhūmi''; Tib. ས་བཅུ་, ''sa chu'', [[Wyl.]] ''sa bcu'') — ten stages or ‘grounds’ used in the [[Mahayana]] to describe the progression of a practitioner on the path to [[enlightenment]]. They are:
 
</noinclude>#[[Perfect Joy]] (Skt. ''pramuditābhūmi''; Tib. རབ་ཏུ་དགའ་བ་, ''rabtu gawa'', Wyl. ''rab tu dga’ ba'')
 
</noinclude>#[[Perfect Joy]] (Skt. ''pramuditābhūmi''; Tib. རབ་ཏུ་དགའ་བ་, ''rabtu gawa'', Wyl. ''rab tu dga’ ba'')
#Immaculate / Stainless (Skt. ''vimalābhūmi''; Tib. དྲི་མ་མེད་པ་, ''drima mepa'', Wyl. ''dri ma med pa'') <br>
+
#Immaculate / Stainless (Skt. ''vimalābhūmi''; Tib. དྲི་མ་མེད་པ་, ''drima mepa'', Wyl. ''dri ma med pa'')
#Luminous / Illuminating (Skt. ''prabhākarībhūmi''; Tib. འོད་བྱེད་པ་, ''ö jepa'', Wyl. ''‘od byed pa'') <br>
+
#Luminous / Illuminating (Skt. ''prabhākarībhūmi''; Tib. འོད་བྱེད་པ་, ''ö jepa'', Wyl. ''‘od byed pa'')
 
#Radiant (Skt. ''arciṣmatībhūmi''; Tib. འོད་འཕྲོ་ཅན་, ''ö tro chen'', Wyl. ''‘od ‘phro can'') <br>
 
#Radiant (Skt. ''arciṣmatībhūmi''; Tib. འོད་འཕྲོ་ཅན་, ''ö tro chen'', Wyl. ''‘od ‘phro can'') <br>
#Hard to Keep / Hard to Conquer (Skt. ''sudurjayābhūmi''; Tib. ཤིན་ཏུ་སྦྱང་དཀའ་བ་, ''shintu jankawa'', Wyl. ''shin tu sbyang dka’ ba'') <br>
+
#Hard to Keep / Hard to Conquer (Skt. ''sudurjayābhūmi''; Tib. ཤིན་ཏུ་སྦྱང་དཀའ་བ་, ''shintu jankawa'', Wyl. ''shin tu sbyang dka’ ba'')
#Clearly Manifest (Skt. ''abhimukhībhūmi''; Tib. མངོན་དུ་གྱུར་བ་, ''ngöntu gyurpa'', Wyl. ''mngon du gyur ba'') <br>
+
#Clearly Manifest (Skt. ''abhimukhībhūmi''; Tib. མངོན་དུ་གྱུར་བ་, ''ngöntu gyurpa'', Wyl. ''mngon du gyur ba'')
#Far Progressed (Skt. ''duraṅgamabhūmi''; Tib. རིང་དུ་སོང་བ་, ''ringtu songwa'', Wyl. ''ring du song ba'') <br>
+
#Far Progressed (Skt. ''duraṅgamabhūmi''; Tib. རིང་དུ་སོང་བ་, ''ringtu songwa'', Wyl. ''ring du song ba'')
#Immovable (Skt. ''acālabhūmi''; Tib. མི་གཡོ་བ་,''miyowa'', Wyl. ''mi g.yo ba'') <br>
+
#Immovable (Skt. ''acālabhūmi''; Tib. མི་གཡོ་བ་,''miyowa'', Wyl. ''mi g.yo ba'')
#Perfect Intellect (Skt. ''sādhuṃatībhūmi''; Tib. ལེགས་པའི་བློ་གྲོས་, ''lekpé lodrö'', Wyl. ''legs pa’i blo gros'') <br>
+
#Perfect Intellect (Skt. ''sādhuṃatībhūmi''; Tib. ལེགས་པའི་བློ་གྲོས་, ''lekpé lodrö'', Wyl. ''legs pa’i blo gros'')
 
#Cloud of Dharma (Skt. ''dharmameghaābhūmi''; Tib. ཆོས་ཀྱི་སྤྲིན་, ''chökyi trin'', Wyl. ''chos kyi sprin'')<noinclude>
 
#Cloud of Dharma (Skt. ''dharmameghaābhūmi''; Tib. ཆོས་ཀྱི་སྤྲིན་, ''chökyi trin'', Wyl. ''chos kyi sprin'')<noinclude>
  
Line 15: Line 15:
  
 
===Related to the subtle body===
 
===Related to the subtle body===
There are twenty-two knots between the [[central channel]] and the two lateral channels. As they become freed, pair by pair, the meditator attains the successive bhumis, from the first to the eleventh, up to [[buddhahood]].<ref>*From the notes to ''Retreat at the Hermit's Cave'' in the ''Life of Shabkar''. </ref>
+
There are twenty-two knots between the [[central channel]] and the two lateral channels. As they become freed, pair by pair, the meditator attains the successive bhumis, from the first to the eleventh, up to [[buddhahood]].<ref>From the notes to ''Retreat at the Hermit's Cave'' in the ''Life of Shabkar''.</ref>
  
 
==References==  
 
==References==  

Latest revision as of 09:15, 10 June 2019

Bodhisattva sangha from the Longchen Nyingtik Field of Merit

Ten bhumis (Skt. daśabhūmi; Tib. ས་བཅུ་, sa chu, Wyl. sa bcu) — ten stages or ‘grounds’ used in the Mahayana to describe the progression of a practitioner on the path to enlightenment. They are:

  1. Perfect Joy (Skt. pramuditābhūmi; Tib. རབ་ཏུ་དགའ་བ་, rabtu gawa, Wyl. rab tu dga’ ba)
  2. Immaculate / Stainless (Skt. vimalābhūmi; Tib. དྲི་མ་མེད་པ་, drima mepa, Wyl. dri ma med pa)
  3. Luminous / Illuminating (Skt. prabhākarībhūmi; Tib. འོད་བྱེད་པ་, ö jepa, Wyl. ‘od byed pa)
  4. Radiant (Skt. arciṣmatībhūmi; Tib. འོད་འཕྲོ་ཅན་, ö tro chen, Wyl. ‘od ‘phro can)
  5. Hard to Keep / Hard to Conquer (Skt. sudurjayābhūmi; Tib. ཤིན་ཏུ་སྦྱང་དཀའ་བ་, shintu jankawa, Wyl. shin tu sbyang dka’ ba)
  6. Clearly Manifest (Skt. abhimukhībhūmi; Tib. མངོན་དུ་གྱུར་བ་, ngöntu gyurpa, Wyl. mngon du gyur ba)
  7. Far Progressed (Skt. duraṅgamabhūmi; Tib. རིང་དུ་སོང་བ་, ringtu songwa, Wyl. ring du song ba)
  8. Immovable (Skt. acālabhūmi; Tib. མི་གཡོ་བ་,miyowa, Wyl. mi g.yo ba)
  9. Perfect Intellect (Skt. sādhuṃatībhūmi; Tib. ལེགས་པའི་བློ་གྲོས་, lekpé lodrö, Wyl. legs pa’i blo gros)
  10. Cloud of Dharma (Skt. dharmameghaābhūmi; Tib. ཆོས་ཀྱི་སྤྲིན་, chökyi trin, Wyl. chos kyi sprin)

The eleventh bhumi, Universal Radiance (Tib. ཀུན་ཏུ་འོད་,kuntu ö, Wyl. kun tu 'od), is buddhahood according to the sutra system.

Related to the subtle body

There are twenty-two knots between the central channel and the two lateral channels. As they become freed, pair by pair, the meditator attains the successive bhumis, from the first to the eleventh, up to buddhahood.[1]

References

  1. From the notes to Retreat at the Hermit's Cave in the Life of Shabkar.

Literature

Alternative Translations

  • Ten levels
  • Ten grounds
  • Ten stages

Further Reading

  • Appendix 12, 'The Bodhisattva Bhumis' pp.201-205 in The Light of Wisdom Volume 1. Root text by Padmasambhava and commentary by Jamgön Kongtrül the Great. Published by Shambhala Publications ISBN 0-87773-566-2

Internal Links

External Links