Difference between revisions of "Ten topics of knowledge"

From Rigpa Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m
 
(19 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''The ten topics of knowledge''' are listed in the ''[[Madhyantavibhanga]]'' of [[Maitreya]].
+
'''The ten topics of knowledge''' (Tib. མཁས་པར་བྱ་བའི་གནས་བཅུ་, [[Wyl.]] ''mkhas par bya ba'i gnas bcu'') are listed in the ''[[Madhyantavibhanga]]'' of [[Maitreya]]:
  
In the ''[[Avatamsaka Sutra]]'' six topics of knowledge are mentioned, i.e. [[aggregates]], [[elements]], [[sense sources]], [[dependent origination]] (known collectively as the four gates to the truth), [[the correct and the incorrect]] and the truths.
+
#[[Aggregates]] (Tib. [[ཕུང་པོ་]]; Skt. ''skandha'')
 +
#[[Eighteen dhatus|Elements]] (Tib.[[ཁམས་]]; Skt. ''dhātu'')
 +
#[[Twelve ayatanas|Sense sources]] (Tib. [[སྐྱེ་མཆེད་]]; Skt. ''āyatana'')
 +
#[[Dependent origination]] (Tib. [[རྟེན་འབྲེལ་]]; Skt. ''pratītyasamutpāda'')
 +
#The correct and the incorrect (Tib. གནས་དང་གནས་མ་ཡིན་པ་; Skt. ''sthānāsthāna'')
 +
#The [[faculties]] (Tib. [[དབང་པོ་]]; Skt. ''indriya'')
 +
#Time (Tib. [[དུས་]]; Skt. ''adhvan'')
 +
#The truths (i.e., the [[four noble truths]] and [[two truths]]) (Tib. [[བདེན་པ་]]; Skt. ''satya'')
 +
#The [[vehicle]]s (Tib. [[ཐེག་པ་]]; Skt. ''yāna'')
 +
#The [[conditioned]] and the [[unconditioned]] (Tib. འདུས་བྱས་དང་འདུས་མ་བྱས་; Skt. ''saṁskṛta-asaṁskṛta'')
  
In the ''Sutra of Inexhaustible Intelligence'' there is mention of eight topics: time is mentioned instead of the correct and the incorrect, and the vehicles and the conditioned and unconditioned are also mentioned.
+
==Antidotes to the Ten Views of Self==
 +
These ten are said to be '''antidotes to [[ten views of the self]]'''. As the root text of the ''Madhyantavibhanga'' says:
  
But the ''[[Madhyantavibhanga]]'' gives the ten as:
+
:Single, the cause and consumer,
 +
:The agent and in control,
 +
:The owner and permanent,
 +
:Afflicted and then purified,
 +
:Possessor of yoga, unfree and then freed—
 +
:These are ten views of self.<ref>གཅིག་དང་རྒྱུ་དང་ཟ་བ་དང་།<br>
 +
བྱེད་པ་དང་ནི་དབང་བསྒྱུར་དང་།<br>
 +
བདག་པོའི་དོན་དང་རྟག་པ་དང་།<br>
 +
ཉོན་མོངས་པ་དང་དག་པའི་གནས།<br>
 +
རྣལ་འབྱོར་ཅན་དང་མ་གྲོལ་གྲོལ།<br>
 +
འདི་དག་ལ་ནི་བདག་ཏུ་ལྟ།</ref>
  
1. Aggregates<br>
+
==Other Similar Lists==
2. Elements<br>
+
In the ''[[Avatamsaka Sutra]]'' '''six topics of knowledge''' are mentioned, i.e. [[aggregates]], elements, sense sources, [[dependent origination]] (known collectively as the four gates to the truth), the correct and the incorrect and the truths.
3. Sense sources<br>
 
4. Dependent Origination<br>
 
5. The correct and the incorrect<br>
 
6. The faculties<br>
 
7. Time<br>
 
8. The truths<br>
 
9. The vehicles<br>
 
10. The conditioned and the unconditioned<br>
 
  
These ten are said to be antidotes to ten views of the self. As the root text of the ''Madhyantavibhanga'' says:
+
In the ''[[Sutra of Inexhaustible Intelligence]]'' there is mention of '''eight topics''': time is mentioned instead of the correct and the incorrect, and the vehicles and the conditioned and unconditioned are also mentioned.
  
:Single, the cause and consumer,<br>
+
==Notes==
:The agent and in control,<br>
+
<small><references/></small>
:The owner and permanent,<br>
 
:Afflicted and then purified,<br>
 
:Possessor of yoga, unfree and then freed<br>
 
:These are ten views of self.<br>
 
 
 
:(gcig dang rgyu dang za ba dang<br>
 
:byed pa dang ni dbang bsgyur dang<br>
 
:bdag po’I don dang rtag pa dang<br>
 
:nyon mongs pa dang dag pa’I gnas<br>
 
:rnal ‘byor can dang ma grol grol<br>
 
:‘di dag la ni bdag tu lta)
 
  
 +
==Further Reading==
 
These ten topics are explained in detail in [[Mipham Rinpoche]]'s ''[[Khenjuk]]''.
 
These ten topics are explained in detail in [[Mipham Rinpoche]]'s ''[[Khenjuk]]''.
  
 +
[[Category:Khenjuk]]
 
[[Category:Enumerations]]
 
[[Category:Enumerations]]
 +
[[Category:10-Ten]]

Latest revision as of 18:22, 14 January 2019

The ten topics of knowledge (Tib. མཁས་པར་བྱ་བའི་གནས་བཅུ་, Wyl. mkhas par bya ba'i gnas bcu) are listed in the Madhyantavibhanga of Maitreya:

  1. Aggregates (Tib. ཕུང་པོ་; Skt. skandha)
  2. Elements (Tib.ཁམས་; Skt. dhātu)
  3. Sense sources (Tib. སྐྱེ་མཆེད་; Skt. āyatana)
  4. Dependent origination (Tib. རྟེན་འབྲེལ་; Skt. pratītyasamutpāda)
  5. The correct and the incorrect (Tib. གནས་དང་གནས་མ་ཡིན་པ་; Skt. sthānāsthāna)
  6. The faculties (Tib. དབང་པོ་; Skt. indriya)
  7. Time (Tib. དུས་; Skt. adhvan)
  8. The truths (i.e., the four noble truths and two truths) (Tib. བདེན་པ་; Skt. satya)
  9. The vehicles (Tib. ཐེག་པ་; Skt. yāna)
  10. The conditioned and the unconditioned (Tib. འདུས་བྱས་དང་འདུས་མ་བྱས་; Skt. saṁskṛta-asaṁskṛta)

Antidotes to the Ten Views of Self

These ten are said to be antidotes to ten views of the self. As the root text of the Madhyantavibhanga says:

Single, the cause and consumer,
The agent and in control,
The owner and permanent,
Afflicted and then purified,
Possessor of yoga, unfree and then freed—
These are ten views of self.[1]

Other Similar Lists

In the Avatamsaka Sutra six topics of knowledge are mentioned, i.e. aggregates, elements, sense sources, dependent origination (known collectively as the four gates to the truth), the correct and the incorrect and the truths.

In the Sutra of Inexhaustible Intelligence there is mention of eight topics: time is mentioned instead of the correct and the incorrect, and the vehicles and the conditioned and unconditioned are also mentioned.

Notes

  1. གཅིག་དང་རྒྱུ་དང་ཟ་བ་དང་།
    བྱེད་པ་དང་ནི་དབང་བསྒྱུར་དང་།
    བདག་པོའི་དོན་དང་རྟག་པ་དང་།
    ཉོན་མོངས་པ་དང་དག་པའི་གནས།
    རྣལ་འབྱོར་ཅན་དང་མ་གྲོལ་གྲོལ།
    འདི་དག་ལ་ནི་བདག་ཏུ་ལྟ།

Further Reading

These ten topics are explained in detail in Mipham Rinpoche's Khenjuk.