Difference between revisions of "Tertön"

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Revision as of 10:53, 25 June 2007

Tertön (Tib. gter ston) A revealer of spiritual treasures (terma) hidden by Guru Rinpoche and Yeshe Tsogyal for the benefit of future generations.

Major Tertöns

Starting with the first Tertön, Sangyé Lama (1000–1080) and Drapa Ngönshé (1012–90), discoverer of the Four Medical Tantras, there have been hundreds of masters who specialized in the discovery of terma, continuing up until the present day with Kyabjé Dudjom Rinpoche and Kyabjé Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche. There are said to be one hundred Great Tertöns and one thousand minor ones, of whom five in particular are known as the ‘Five Sovereigns’: Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124–1192), Guru Chöwang (1212–70), Dorje Lingpa (1346–1405), Pema Lingpa (b.1450) and Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820–1892).

Other famous terma masters were: the lady Jomo Menmo (1248–83), the spiritual consort of Guru Chöwang; Orgyen Lingpa (1323–c.1360), discoverer of the biography of Guru Rinpoche, the ‘Sheldrakma’, and the ‘Kathang De Nga’; Rigdzin Gödem (1337–1403), discoverer of the ‘Northern Treasures’; Sangyé Lingpa (1340–1396), who revealed the ‘Lama Gongdü’ cycle; Karma Lingpa (14th. century), the discoverer of the ‘Shyi Tro Gongpa Rang Drol’ cycle, from which come the teachings on the ‘Six Bardos’ and the Bardo Thödrol; Ratna Lingpa (1403–78) who compiled the Nyingma Gyübum; Thangtong Gyalpo (1385–1510), the extraordinary mystic and engineer who lived to the age of one hundred and twenty five; Jatsön Nyingpo (1585–1656), who revealed the ‘Könchok Chidü’ cycle; Lhatsün Namkha Jikmé (1597–c.1650), the discoverer of the ‘Rigdzin Sokdrup’ teachings; the Great Fifth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617–82), who received the twenty-five teachings known as ‘Sangwa Gyachen’ in pure vision; and his disciple and teacher Terdak Lingpa.