Thangtong Gyalpo (Wyl. thang stong rgyal po) aka Tsöndrü Zangpo (Wyl. brtson 'grus bzang po) (1385-1509) was a famous Tibetan siddha who travelled extensively in China, Tibet and other eastern countries, built numerous temples and metal bridges and founded monasteries at Dergé and elsewhere.
He is said to be an emanation of the mind aspect of Guru Rinpoche.
His name, Thangtong Gyalpo, means King of the Empty Plain. While he was engaged in meditation in the Gyede Plain in Tsang, he had a vision of five dakinis, who approached him and sang verses of praise. One of the verses says:
- On the great spreading plain
- The yogin who understands emptiness
- Sits like a fearless king
- Thus we name him King of the Empty Plain. 
Sadhanas & Practices
- Thangyal Tsédrup
- The Outer, Inner and Secret Refuge Practice of the Mahasiddha Thangtong Gyalpo
- *From the Notes to the Translator’s Introduction to the Life of Shabkar
- Biography of Thangtong Gyalpo by Lochen Gyurme Dechen, grub pa’i dbang phyug chen po lcags zam pa thang thong rgyal po’i rnam thar ngo mtshar kun gsal nor bu’i me long gsar pa. Wood blocks of this biography have been carved at Thubten Chöling Monastery in Nepal under the inspiration of Dza Trulshik Rinpoche.
- Gerner, Manfred. Chakzampa Thangtong Gyalpo - Architect, Philosopher and Iron Chain Bridge Builder, 2007 (available online here)
- Gyatso, Janet. "The Teachings of Thang-stong rGyal-po." In Michael Aris and Aung San Suu Kyi, eds., Tibetan Studies in Honour of Hugh Richardson. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 1980, pp. 111-119.
- Stearns, Cyrus. King of the Empty Plain: The Tibetan Iron-Bridge Builder Tangtong Gyalpo, Snow Lion, 2007
- Tsering, Tashi. 'On the Dates of Thang stong rgyal po' in Ramon N. Prats ed. The Pandita and the Siddha: Tibetan Studies in Honour of E. Gene Smith, New Delhi: Amnye Machen, 2007