Difference between revisions of "Three Turnings"

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==Brief Explanation of the Three Turnings==
 
==Brief Explanation of the Three Turnings==
 
Very simply,  
 
Very simply,  
*the first turning is mainly concerned with abandoning negative actions of the body, speech and mind.<br>
+
*the first turning is mainly concerned with abandoning negative actions of the body, speech and mind.
*The second turning is primarily about abandoning clinging to the self of individual and of phenomena.<br>
+
*The second turning is primarily about abandoning clinging to the self of individual and of phenomena.
*The third turning is about abandoning clinging to [[emptiness]].<br>
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*The third turning is about abandoning clinging to [[emptiness]].
 
 
According to [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], the three turnings can be related to the following quote from the [[Prajñaparamita]] sutras:<br>
 
  
 +
According to [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], the three turnings can be related to the following quote from the [[Prajñaparamita]] sutras:
 
:“Mind is devoid of mind. The nature of mind is [[clear light]].”
 
:“Mind is devoid of mind. The nature of mind is [[clear light]].”
  
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===The Nyingma View of the Three Turnings===
 
===The Nyingma View of the Three Turnings===
 
According to the [[Nyingma]] School, the first turning is of [[provisional meaning]], whereas the second and third turnings are both of [[definitive meaning]].
 
According to the [[Nyingma]] School, the first turning is of [[provisional meaning]], whereas the second and third turnings are both of [[definitive meaning]].
 +
 +
==Main Sutras of the Three Turnings==
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===First Turning===
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*''[[Sutra of the Wheel of Dharma]]''
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===Second Turning===
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*The collection of [[six mother scriptures]] and [[eleven son scriptures]] of the Prajñaparanita sutras reavealed by [[Nagarjuna]] and bodhisattva [[Mañjushri]].
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*''[[Lotus Sutra]]''
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*''[[Vimalakirti Nirdesha Sutra]]''
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===Third Turning===
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*''[[Avatamsaka Sutra]]''
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*''[[Ratnakuta]]'' Sutra
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*''[[Lankavatara Sutra]]''
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*''[[Tathagatagarbha Sutra]]''
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*''Lion's Roar of Shrimaladevi Sutra''
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*''[[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]]''
  
 
==Teachings Given to the [[About Rigpa|Rigpa]] Sangha==
 
==Teachings Given to the [[About Rigpa|Rigpa]] Sangha==

Revision as of 22:40, 11 November 2020

Buddha Shakyamuni turning the Wheel of Dharma for the first time

Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma (Skt. tridharmacakra; Tib. ཆོས་འཁོར་རིམ་པ་གསུམ་, chö khor rimpa sum; Wyl. chos 'khor rim pa gsum) — the three major series of teachings given by the Buddha, according to the Indo-Tibetan Buddhist tradition and as found in the Samdhinirmochana Sutra. To 'turn the wheel of Dharma' means to teach the Dharma.

  1. The first turning took place in the Deer Park at Sarnath, Varanasi, where Buddha taught the Four Noble Truths.
  2. The intermediate turning on the absence of characteristics took place on Vulture's Peak Mountain near Rajagriha.
  3. The final turning on the complete revelation took place in Vaishali and other places and included the sutras that explain the three natures, such as the Lankavatara Sutra.

Brief Explanation of the Three Turnings

Very simply,

  • the first turning is mainly concerned with abandoning negative actions of the body, speech and mind.
  • The second turning is primarily about abandoning clinging to the self of individual and of phenomena.
  • The third turning is about abandoning clinging to emptiness.

According to Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, the three turnings can be related to the following quote from the Prajñaparamita sutras:

“Mind is devoid of mind. The nature of mind is clear light.”
  • "Mind" refers to the first turning where mind is spoken of as if it is inherently existent.
  • "...is devoid of mind" refers to the intermediate turning and the teachings on emptiness.
  • "The nature of mind is clear light" refers to the final turning and the teachings on buddha nature.

The Nyingma View of the Three Turnings

According to the Nyingma School, the first turning is of provisional meaning, whereas the second and third turnings are both of definitive meaning.

Main Sutras of the Three Turnings

First Turning

Second Turning

Third Turning

Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

External Links