Three qualifications for composing a shastra

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The three qualifications for composing a shastra (Tib. བསྟན་བཅོས་རྩོམ་པའི་རྒྱུ་གསུམ། ) are

  1. a perfect realization of ultimate reality,
  2. a vision of the yidam deity, and
  3. a complete knowledge of the five sciences. [1]


  1. Khenpo Kunpal, The Nectar of Manjushri’s Speech, a detailed commentary on Shantideva’s Way of the Bodhisattva, Note 30, p.445. Translated by Padmakara Translation Group. Published by Shambhala. ISBN 978-1-59030-439-6, ISBN 978-1-59030-699-4

Alternative translations

  • Three criteria for composing a treatise (Andreas Kretschmar)