Difference between revisions of "Vairotsana"

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'''Vairotsana''' (or Vairochana, Berotsana) - the greatest of all Tibetan [[lotsawa]]s. Together with [[Padmasambhava]] and [[Vimalamitra]], he was one of the three main masters to bring the [[Dzogchen]] teachings to Tibet.
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[[Image:Vairotsana.JPG|frame|Vairotsana]]
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'''Vairotsana''' (or Berotsana (Tib. [[བཻ་རོ་ཙ་ན་]], [[Wyl.]] ''bai ro tsa na''), Vairochana (Tib. [[བཻ་རོ་ཅ་ན་]], Wyl. ''bai ro ca na'')) (eighth-ninth centuries) — the greatest of all Tibetan [[lotsawa]]s. Together with [[Padmasambhava]] and [[Vimalamitra]], he was one of the three main masters to bring the [[Dzogchen]] teachings to Tibet.
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Vairotsana was born into the Pagor (''spa gor'') clan, and was sent to India by [[Trisong Detsen]] to study with Indian panditas. He also travelled widely in China, Khotan, Nepal, Shangshung and elsewhere.
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Vairotsana was born into the Pagor (Tib. སྤ་གོར་, Wyl. ''spa gor'') clan, and was sent to India by [[Trisong Detsen]] to study with Indian [[pandita]]s. He also travelled widely in China, Khotan, Nepal, Shangshung and elsewhere. He was one of the [[Seven men to be tested|original seven monks]] ordained by [[Shantarakshita]].
  
His principal teacher was [[Shri Singha]], from whom he received the instructions and empowerments of sem dé, long dé and mengak dé. He was one of the original seven monks ordained by [[Shantarakshita]]. In exile in East Tibet, he taught Yudra Nyingpo, Sangtön Yeshe Lama, and the old man, [[Mipham Gönpo]] before Trisong Detsen recalled him to Lhasa.
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His principal teacher was [[Shri Singha]], from whom he received the instructions and [[empowerment]]s of [[sem dé]], [[long dé]] and [[mengak dé]]. He also received direct transmissions from [[Mañjushrimitra]], who appeared to him in his wisdom body<ref>Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, ''Primordial Purity''.</ref>. In realization, Vairotsana became equal to [[Guru Rinpoche]].
  
He translated many of Shri Singha’s works as well as many other mantrayana texts. He also translated part of the 100,000 verse [[Prajnaparamita]] text and other [[sutra]]s. The exact number of his translations cannot now be traced, as the names of early translators were not always recorded by later translators.
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After returning to Tibet, he was eventually sent into exile in [[East Tibet]]; there he taught [[Yudra Nyingpo]], Sangtön Yeshe Lama, and the old man, [[Pang Sangyé Gönpo|Mipham Gönpo]] before Trisong Detsen recalled him to [[Lhasa]].
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He translated many of Shri Singha’s works as well as many other [[mantrayana]] texts. He also translated part of the 100,000 verse [[Prajnaparamita]] text and other [[sutra]]s. The exact number of his translations cannot now be traced, as the names of early translators were not always recorded by later translators.
  
 
[[Ngok Loden Sherab]] (1059-1109) once famously observed:
 
[[Ngok Loden Sherab]] (1059-1109) once famously observed:
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:Compared to them, we are like mere fireflies.
 
:Compared to them, we are like mere fireflies.
  
[[Category:Historical Masters]]
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==References==
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<small><references/></small>
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==Further Reading==
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*A. W. Hanson-Barber, ''The Life and Teachings of Vairocana'', University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1984
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*''The Great Image: The Life Story of Vairochana the Translator'', translated by Ani Jinba Palmo, Shambhala, 2004.
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*[[Nyoshul Khenpo]], ''[[A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems]]: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage'' (Junction City: Padma Publications, 2005), pages 49-51.
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==External Links==
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*{{TBRC|P5013|TBRC Profile}}
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[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
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[[Category:Twenty-five Disciples]]
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[[Category:Lotsawas]]

Latest revision as of 16:45, 23 November 2014

Vairotsana

Vairotsana (or Berotsana (Tib. བཻ་རོ་ཙ་ན་, Wyl. bai ro tsa na), Vairochana (Tib. བཻ་རོ་ཅ་ན་, Wyl. bai ro ca na)) (eighth-ninth centuries) — the greatest of all Tibetan lotsawas. Together with Padmasambhava and Vimalamitra, he was one of the three main masters to bring the Dzogchen teachings to Tibet.

Biography

Vairotsana was born into the Pagor (Tib. སྤ་གོར་, Wyl. spa gor) clan, and was sent to India by Trisong Detsen to study with Indian panditas. He also travelled widely in China, Khotan, Nepal, Shangshung and elsewhere. He was one of the original seven monks ordained by Shantarakshita.

His principal teacher was Shri Singha, from whom he received the instructions and empowerments of sem dé, long dé and mengak dé. He also received direct transmissions from Mañjushrimitra, who appeared to him in his wisdom body[1]. In realization, Vairotsana became equal to Guru Rinpoche.

After returning to Tibet, he was eventually sent into exile in East Tibet; there he taught Yudra Nyingpo, Sangtön Yeshe Lama, and the old man, Mipham Gönpo before Trisong Detsen recalled him to Lhasa.

He translated many of Shri Singha’s works as well as many other mantrayana texts. He also translated part of the 100,000 verse Prajnaparamita text and other sutras. The exact number of his translations cannot now be traced, as the names of early translators were not always recorded by later translators.

Ngok Loden Sherab (1059-1109) once famously observed:

Vairotsana was like the boundless sky itself,
Kawa, Chok and Shyang were like the sun and moon,
Rinchen Zangpo was like the great dawn star—
Compared to them, we are like mere fireflies.

References

  1. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Primordial Purity.

Further Reading

  • A. W. Hanson-Barber, The Life and Teachings of Vairocana, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1984
  • The Great Image: The Life Story of Vairochana the Translator, translated by Ani Jinba Palmo, Shambhala, 2004.
  • Nyoshul Khenpo, A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage (Junction City: Padma Publications, 2005), pages 49-51.

External Links