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Kamalashila whose Stages of Meditation described Vipashyana practice

Vipashyana (Skt. vipaśyanā; Tib. lhaktong; Wyl. lhag mthong) — 'clear seeing' or 'insight' meditation.


  • Vi is short for vishesa, which means ‘special’, ‘superior’, or ‘particular’.
  • Pashyana , means ‘to see’ or ‘to look’.
  • Lhak is ‘unique’ and
  • tong is ‘seeing’.

So, it means ‘to look at things in a very direct and especially clear way’.

Prerequisites for Vipashyana

Kamalashila’s second Stages of Meditation (Skt. Bhāvanākrama) mentions three prerequisites for developing vipashyana:

  1. Reliance upon a spiritual teacher
  2. Genuinely engaging in extensive study
  3. Appropriate reflection

External links