Vipashyana (Skt. vipaśyanā; Tib. ལྷག་མཐོང་, lhaktong, Wyl. lhag mthong) — 'clear seeing' or 'insight' meditation. It is one of the two main aspects of the practice of meditation on the Buddhist path, the other being shamatha, or 'calm abiding' meditation.
- Vi is short for vishesa (Skt. viśeṣa), which means ‘special’, ‘superior’, or ‘particular’
- Pashyana (Skt. paśyanā) means ‘to see’ or ‘to look’
- Lhak is ‘unique’ and
- tong is ‘seeing’.
So, it means ‘to look at things in a very direct and especially clear way’.
Prerequisites for Vipashyana
- Reliance upon a spiritual teacher
- Genuinely engaging in extensive study
- Appropriate reflection
- intense insight (Dharma Publishing)
- superior seeing
- superior insight
- penetrative insight
- transcendent insight
- wider vision
Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha
- Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche, Rigpa Amsterdam, 23-25 May 1997
- Mingyur Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 1-3 August 2002
- Mingyur Rinpoche, Lerab ling, 18-19 July 2003
- Tsoknyi Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 11 & 13 August 2003
- Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche, Rigpa Paris, 3-4 April 2004
Edited Teachings of Sogyal Rinpoche
- Vipashyana—Preliminary Practices, Dzogchenlink January 2004
- Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, 'Shamatha and Vipashyana', in View: The Rigpa Journal, July 2010, pages 18-22.
- Andy Karr, Contemplating Reality (Boston: Shambala Publications, 2007), chapter 17
- Sogyal Rinpoche, A Treasury of Dharma (Lodeve: Rigpa, 2005), Part IV 'Meditation'.
- Khenchen Thrangu Rinpoche, The Practice of Tranquility and Insight—A Guide to Tibetan Buddhist Meditation (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1993).
- Khenpo Tsültrim Gyamtso, Mahamudra Vipashyana, trans. Jules B. Levinson, Michele Martin, and Jim Scott (Halifax, N.S.: Vajravairochana Translation Committee, 1993)