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Cruelty (Skt. vihiṃsā; Tib. རྣམ་པར་འཚེ་བ་, Wyl. rnam par ‘tshe ba) — one of the fifty-one mental states defined in Abhidharma literature. According to the Compendium of Abhidharma, it belongs to the subgroup of the twenty subsidiary destructive emotions.


In the Khenjuk, Mipham Rinpoche says:

  • Tib. རྣམ་པར་འཚེ་བ་ནི་ཁོང་ཁྲོའི་ཆར་གཏོགས་པ། སྙིང་བརྩེ་བ་མེད་པར་རྣམ་པར་ཐོ་བརྩམ་པའི་ལས་ཅན་ནོ།
  • Cruelty belongs to the category of anger. Its function is to be uncompassionate and cause harm. (Erik Pema Kunsang, Rigpa Translations)

Alternative Translations

  • Hostility (David Karma Choepel)
  • Violence (Gyurme Dorje)
  • Harming (Tony Duff)
  • Harmfulness (Dylan Esler for 84000)