Dharma protectors (Skt. dharmapāla; Tib. ཆོས་སྐྱོང་, chö kyong, Wyl. chos skyong) — deities whose role is to protect the teachings and practitioners. They are sometimes emanations of buddhas or bodhisattvas (supermundane), and sometimes spirits and demons (mundane) who have been subjugated and bound under oath by great practitioners such as Guru Padmasambhava. Among the best known are Ekajati, Mahakala, Dza Rahula and Damchen Dorje Lekpa.
- Ladrang Kalsang, The Guardian Deities of Tibet (India: Wisdom Books, 2007)
- Nebesky-Wojkowitz, Rene de. Oracles and Demons of Tibet: The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities. New edition. Kathmandu, Nepal: Books Faith, 1996.