Five royal sutras
Five royal sutras (Tib. རྒྱལ་པོ་མདོ་ལྔ།, Wyl. rgyal po mdo lnga) are one of two sets of profound, relatively short, and pithy works traditionally said to have been translated on Padmasambhava’s recommendation and used for daily practice by the eighth century Tibetan king Trisong Detsen. Their use is said to have contributed, along with other practices, to the king’s life being prolonged by thirteen years beyond the limit predicted by astrological reckoning. These accounts together with the list of the sutras are found in the biographies of Guru Padmasambhava, e.g. in the 18th chapter of the Zanglingma and 70th chapter of the Pema Kathang. The other set is the ten royal sutras in which these are included.
- The King of Aspiration Prayers which is in chapter 44 of the Avatamsaka Sutra, for aspiration, and described as vast.
- English translation: The King of Aspiration Prayers: Samantabhadra’s “Aspiration to Good Actions”
- Dorje Namjom or Vajra Conqueror for cleansing and purification.
- English translation: Vajravidarana Dharani (Nyingma Version)
- Heart Sutra for the view, and described as profound.
- English translation: The Heart of the Transcendent Perfection of Wisdom
- English translation: The Heart Sutra with additional prayers
- The Sūtra on Wisdom at the Hour of Death for meditation and described as of definitive meaning.
- English translation: The Noble Mahāyāna Sūtra The Wisdom of the Hour of Death
- The Confession of Downfalls, which is part of ‘’Ascertaining the Discipline: the Sutra of Upali’s Questions’’ (Skt. Vinaya-viniścayopāli-paripṛcchā, Toh 68); for purification of karmic obscurations.
- English translation: The Bodhisattva’s Confession of Downfalls