Four classes of tantra

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The Sarma tradition of new translation schools, recognizes four classes of tantra (Wyl. rgyud sde bzhi):

Three outer classes

And one inner class of tantra, which is called

The latter is divided into three:

Further Reading

  • Glenn H. Mullin, The Dalai Lamas on Tantra (Snow Lion Publications, 2006)

Internal Links


  1. The Kalachakra Tantra can be designated either as a Mother Tantra or Non-dual Tantra. See Kalachakra Tantra, Rite of Initiation by the Dalai Lama and Jeffrey Hopkins (London: Wisdom, 1985), pages 165-6.