Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Lines

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The goddess Prajñaparamita

Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Lines (Skt. Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā; Tib. ཤེར་ཕྱིན་བརྒྱད་སྟོང་པ་, Wyl. sher phyin brgyad stong pa), consisting of 32 chapters, is, according to scholars, the earliest of the Prajnaparamita sutras. Its popular verse summary is known as the Verse Summary of the Prajnaparamita.


  • Tibetan text: Kangyur, Toh 12
    • English translation: Edward Conze, Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines and its Verse Summary, (1958)



Famous Quotations

སེམས་ལ་སེམས་མ་མཆིས་ཏེ། །
སེམས་ཀྱི་རང་བཞིན་ནི་འོད་གསལ་བའོ། །[1]

The mind is devoid of mind,
For the nature of mind is clear light.

Śākyamuni, Eight Thousand Verse Prajñāparamitā


  1. Although the paraphrase has become the standard, the actual quotation in the text reads:
    འདི་ལྟར་སེམས་དེ་ནི་སེམས་མ་མཆིས་པ་སྟེ། །
    སེམས་ཀྱི་རང་བཞིན་ནི་འོད་གསལ་བ་ལགས་སོ། །

Further Reading

  • Edward Conze, The Prajñāpāramitā Literature (1960)