Primordial wisdom

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Primordial wisdom (Skt. jñāna; Tib. ཡེ་ཤེས་, yeshé; Wyl. ye shes) — one of the two accumulations. The primordial and nondual knowing aspect of the nature of mind. See also the five wisdoms.

Ringu Tulku Rinpoche says:

"In the word yeshe, ཡེ་, is short for ཡེ་ནས་, yé né, which means ‘right from the beginning’ or ‘primordially’. Some people translate it as ‘pristine’ or 'pure', meaning that it is untouched and unstained, and has been there all the time. It is the way it always was."

Alternative Translations

  • wisdom
  • timeless awareness (Lama Chökyi Nyima)
  • inborn knowing
  • pristine cognition
  • deep awareness (Dr. Alexander Berzin)