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Primordial wisdom (Skt. jñāna; Tib. ཡེ་ཤེས་, yeshé, Wyl. ye shes) — one of the two accumulations. The primordial and nondual knowing aspect of the nature of mind. See also the five wisdoms.
Ringu Tulku Rinpoche says:
- "In the word yeshe, ཡེ་, yé is short for ཡེ་ནས་, yé né, which means ‘right from the beginning’ or ‘primordially’. Some people translate it as ‘pristine’ or 'pure', meaning that it is untouched and unstained, and has been there all the time. It is the way it always was."
- deep awareness (Dr. Alexander Berzin)
- inborn knowing
- pristine cognition
- timeless awareness (Lama Chökyi Nyima)