Teaching the Eleven Thoughts

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The sutra Teaching the Eleven Thoughts (Skt. Saṃjñānaikadaśanirdeśa; Tib. འདུ་ཤེས་བཅུ་གཅིག་བསྟན་པ།, Wyl. ‘du shes bcu gcig bstan pa) takes place just before the Buddha attains parinirvana, when he bequeaths his final testament to the assembled monks in the form of a brief discourse on eleven thoughts toward which the mind should be directed at the moment of death. He exhorts his listeners to develop nonattachment, love, freedom from resentment, a sense of moral responsibility, a proper perspective on virtue and vice, courage in the face of the next life, a perception of impermanence and the lack of self and the knowledge that nirvana is peace.[1]


The Tibetan translation of this sutra can be found in the General Sutra section of the Tibetan Dergé Kangyur, Toh 311


  1. 84000 Translating the Words of the Buddha.