The Long Explanation of the Noble Perfection of Wisdom

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The Long Explanation of the Noble Perfection of Wisdom in One Hundred Thousand, Twenty-Five Thousand, and Eighteen Thousand Lines (Skt. Āryaśatasāhasrikāpañcaviṃśatisāhasrikāṣṭādaśasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitābṛhaṭṭīkā; Tib. འཕགས་པ་ཤེས་རབ་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་འབུམ་པ་དང་། ཉི་ཁྲི་ལྔ་སྟོང་པ་དང་། ཁྲི་བརྒྱད་སྟོང་པའི་རྒྱ་ཆེར་བཤད་པ།, Wyl. ‘phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa ‘bum pa dang / nyi khri lnga stong pa dang/ khri brgyad stong pa’i rgya cher bshad pa) is a detailed explanation of the Long Perfection of Wisdom sutras, presenting a structural framework for them that is relatively easy to understand in comparison to most other commentaries based on Ornament for Clear Realization. After a detailed, word-by-word explanation of the introductory chapter common to all three sutras, it explains the structure they also all share in terms of the three approaches or “gateways”—brief, intermediate, and detailed—ending with an explanation of the passage known as the “Maitreya chapter” found only in the Eighteen Thousand Line and Twenty-Five Thousand Line sutras. It goes by many different titles, and its authorship has never been conclusively determined, some Tibetans believing it to be by Vasubandhu, and others that it is by Daṃṣṭrāsena.[1]


The Tibetan translation of this shastra can be found in the Perfection of Wisdom section of the Tibetan Dergé Tengyur, Toh 3808


  1. 84000 Translating the Words of the Buddha.