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Udanavarga (Skt. udānavarga; Tib. ཆེད་དུ་བརྗོད་པའི་ཚོམས་, chedu jöpé tsom, Wyl. ched du brjod pa'i tshoms) — the Sanskrit equivalent of the Dhammapada. It was compiled by the arhat Dharmatrata. The Tibetan Kangyur contains a translation of this text, and the Tengyur contains a commentary composed by Prajñāvarman.[1]



English Translations

  • Gareth Sparham, The Tibetan Dhammapada: Sayings of the Buddha, A Translation of the Tibetan Version of the Udanavarga (Wisdom Publications, 1986)
  • W. Woodville, Rockhill, Udanavarga: A Collection of Verses from the Buddhist Canon: Trubner's Oriental Series (Wentworth Press, 2016), first published in 2000


  1. On this point, Leonard W.J. Van der Kuijp writes: Its canonical status in Tibet is somewhat ambivalent. The early Kadampa evidently considered it to belong to the type of texts that were later included in that part of the canon known as the Tengyur. This, of course, means that they held it to be a shastra, which would account for its inclusion among this grouping of six texts, which are all shastras. For some still to be explained reason, the Udanavarga also wandered into the Kangyur. (In Journal of the American Oriental Society (1994))

Further Reading

In German

  • Michael Balk, Untersuchungen zum Udānavarga : Unter Berücksichtigung mittelindischer Parallelen und eines tibetischen Kommentars. Marburg : Indica et Tibetica Verlag, 2011. ISBN 978-3-923776-54-2

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