ཚད་མ། (Wyl. tshad ma) n. Pron.: tsema
- valid cognition; verifying cognition [Logic] [Epistemology] ▷RTH
- logic and epistemology [Logic] [Epistemology]
- Skt. pramāṇa.
- རང་སྟོབས་ཀྱིས་མི་བསླུ་བའི་རིག་པ། [Definition] ▷KPH
- Skt. प्रमाणम्, pramāṇa, Pron.: pramana. From Sanskrit: measure, scale, standard | measure of any kind (as size, extent, circumference, length, distance, weight, multitude, quantity, duration) | 'on an average' | prosodical length (of a vowel) | measure in music | accordance of the movements in dancing with music and song | measure of physical strength | below | the first term in a rule of three sum | the measure of a square | a side of it | principal, capital (•opp. to interest) | right measure, standard, authority | 'your ladyship is the authority or must judge' | in this sense also | and | and | 'the Vedas are authorities' | 'they whose authority is a woman' | a means of acquiring Pramā or certain knowledge (6 in the Vedānta, viz. | perception by the senses | inference | analogy or comparison | or | verbal authority, revelation | or | non-perception or negative proof | inference from circumstances | the Nyāya admits only 4, excluding the last two | the Sāṃkhya only 3, viz. | and | other schools increase the number to 9 by adding | equivalence | tradition or fallible testimony | and | gesture | any proof or testimony or evidence | a correct notion, right perception | oneness, unity | N. of a large fig-tree on the bank of the Ganges [Mahavyutpatti] [Sanskrit] MVP MW