Envy

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Envy (Skt. īrśya; Tib. ཕྲག་དོག་, trakdok, Wyl. phrag dog) — one of the fifty-one mental states defined in Abhidharma literature. According to the Compendium of Abhidharma, it belongs to the subgroup of the twenty subsidiary destructive emotions.

Definitions

In the Khenjuk, Mipham Rinpoche says:

  • Tib. ཕྲག་དོག་ནི་ཁོང་ཁྲོའི་ཆར་གཏོགས་པ། རང་རྙེད་བཀུར་སོགས་ལ་ཆགས་ནས་གཞན་གྱི་ཕུན་ཚོགས་ལ་མི་བཟོད་པར་སེམས་ཁོང་ནས་འཁྲུགས་པ། ཡིད་མི་བདེ་ཞིང་སེམས་རྣལ་དུ་མི་གནས་ལ་ཉེས་པའི་རྟེན་བྱེད་པའོ།
  • Envy is a mental state that is deeply disturbed by the desire to obtain such things such as honour and gain for oneself, and by the inability to bear others’ excellence. It causes one to be unhappy and prevents the mind from resting naturally, and thus it supports negative actions. It belongs to the category of anger. (Rigpa Translations)
  • Envy belongs to the category of anger. It is a mental state that is deeply disturbed by the desire to obtain honor and gain for oneself, and by the inability to bear the excellence of others. It forms the support for unhappiness, for the mind's inability to rest in naturalness, and for negative actions. (Erik Pema Kunsang)

Alternative Translations

  • Jealousy (Gyurme Dorje)