Five sovereign terma revealers

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Five Sovereign Terma Revealers or Five Tertön Kings (Tib. གཏེར་སྟོན་རྒྱལ་པོ་ལྔ་, tertön gyalpo nga, Wyl. gter ston rgyal po lnga) are the most important tertöns. They were all emanations of King Trisong Detsen.

  1. Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192), the body incarnation of Trisong Detsen
  2. Guru Chökyi Wangchuk (1212-1270), the speech incarnation of Trisong Detsen
  3. Dorje Lingpa (1346-1405)
  4. Pema Lingpa (1445/50-1521)
  5. Pema Ösel Do-ngak Lingpa (Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo) (1820-1892)

Sometimes the list also includes the great tertön Rigdzin Gödem (1337-1408).