Five major sciences

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The five major sciences (Tib. རིག་གནས་ཆེན་པོ་ལྔ་, rigné chenpo nga; Wyl. rig gnas chen po lnga) are part of the ten sciences or traditional fields of knowledge in which a learned person is supposed to be well versed. They are:

  1. craftsmanship (Skt. śilpa; Tib. བཟོ་རིག་པ་, Wyl. bzo rig pa)
  2. logic (hetu; Tib. གཏན་ཚིགས་, Wyl. gtan tshigs)
  3. grammar (śabda; Tib. སྒྲ་, Wyl. sgra)
  4. medicine (cikitsā; Tib. གསོ་བ་, Wyl. gso ba)
  5. 'Inner science' or Dharma (Tib. ནང་དོན་རིག་པ་, Wyl. nang don rig pa)