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The aggregate of forms (Skt. rūpa; Tib. གཟུགས་, zuk, Wyl. gzugs) is the first of the five aggregates.


Forms can be divided into causal and resultant forms and furthermore into fifteen:

  • 1-4: the four causal forms, which are the four elements of earth, water, fire and wind.
  • 5-9: the five sense objects of visual form, sound, smell, taste and texture.
  • 10-14: the five sense faculties of eye, ear, nose, tongue and body.
  • 15: the imperceptible form. This can further be subdivided into five: form of particles, spatial form, form resulting from a fully taken promise, imagined form and mastered form.[1]

Forms 5-15 are said to be resultant forms.


  1. Jamyang Drakpa in Padmasambhava & Jamgön Kongtrul. The Light of Wisdom Volume 1 (Hong Kong: Rangjung Yeshe Publications, 1999), page 185.