- Purva Videha (Lüpakpo) in the East, which is semi-circular
- Jambudvipa (Dzambuling) in the South, which is trapezoidal
- Aparagodaniya (Balangchö) in the West, which is circular
- Uttarakura (Draminyen) in the North, which is square
Each of the four continents is flanked by two subcontinents of the same shape (see eight subcontinents).