Four continents

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Four continents (Tib. gling bzhi) - the four continents which surround Mount Meru according to the cosmology of the Abhidharma are:

  • Purva Videha (Lüpakpo) in the East, which is semi-circular
  • Jambudvipa (Dzambuling) in the South, which is trapezoidal
  • Aparagodaniya (Balangchö) in the West, which is circular
  • Uttarakura (Draminyen) in the North, which is square

Each of the four continents is flanked by two subcontinents of the same shape (see eight subcontinents).