Knowledge of all aspects

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Knowledge of all aspects, or omniscience (Skt. sarvajñāna; Tib. རྣམ་མཁྱེན་, namkhyen, Wyl. rnam mkhyen) is the first of the eight topics of the Abhisamayalankara.


Knowledge of all aspects (or omniscience) is defined as knowing directly, and in a single instant, all aspects, without exception, of things in their real nature and in all their multiplicity.


It can be subdivided into two aspects:

  1. the omniscience which knows the nature of things (Skt. yathā; Tib. ཇི་ལྟ་བ་, jitawa; Wyl. ji lta ba) and
  2. the omniscience which knows all things in their multiplicity (Skt. yāvat; Tib. ཇི་སྙེད་པ་, jinyepa; Wyl. ji snyed pa).

An illustration of the former is the true cessation present in the continuum of the noble Buddha. The latter includes both the omniscience which knows the features of all knowable phenomena without exception, and the omniscience which knows the seventy points, the chief amongst all causes and effects.


It is present only in the continuum of a noble Buddha.