Nyingtik Yabshyi

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Longchen Rabjam

Nyingtik Yabshyi (Tib. སྙིང་ཐིག་ཡ་བཞི, Wyl. snying thig ya bzhi) literally means the 'Four Parts of the Nyingtik'.

It consists of the

The Vima Nyingtik and Khandro Nyingtik are known as the 'mother' Nyingtik texts and the Lama Yangtik and Khandro Yangtik are known as 'child' texts, hence another common name for the collection which is the Four Mother and Child Sections of Nyingtik (Tib. སྙིང་ཐིག་མ་བུ་བཞི་, nyingtik ma bu shyi).

Longchen Rabjam also composed the Zabmo Yangtik, which condenses the important pith instructions of both Vima Nyingtik and Khandro Nyingtik.

As Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche explains: “For the purpose of the actual practice of Dzogchen according to the seventeen main tantras of Dzogpachenpo, Longchenpa gathered his own termas as well as those of Chetsün Senge Wangchuk (who was later reborn as Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo), and Pema Ledreltsal (Longchenpa’s previous incarnation) in the form of the thirteen volume collection known as the Nyingtik Yabshyi. This is the practice aspect of Longchenpa’s writings and the basis of the Old Nyingtik. In it he synthesized the Vima Nyingtik of Vimalamitra and the Khandro Nyingtik of Guru Rinpoche and explained all the practical details in the light of his own realization.”[1]

Alternative Classifications

There are two alternative traditions of classifying the Four Parts of the Nyingtik, mentioned in the Immaculate Oral Instructions, the Nyingtik teachings of Jamgön Kongtrul:

A second classification includes:

  1. Vima Nyingtik
  2. Lama Yangtik
  3. Khandro Nyingtik and Khandro Yangtik, counted as one; and
  4. Karma Nyingtik, which comes from the Third Karmapa, Rangjung Dorje.

A third way of classifying the four, according to the Dzogchen masters Kongpo Dzogchenpa and Katok Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu, is as follows:

  1. Vima Nyingtik;
  2. Lama Yangtik;
  3. Khandro Nyingtik and Khandro Yangtik, counted as one; and
  4. Dorsem Nyingtik of Kunkyong Lingpa.[2]

Alternative Translations

  • The Fourfold Heart Essence (Cortland Dahl)
  • The Four Higher Collections of the Heart Drop (Lama Chökyi Nyima)

The Empowerments of Nyingtik Yabshyi

The empowerments have been given many times to the Rigpa sangha, including:

  • Kyabjé Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, London, 1st July 1987 (Lama Yangtik and Khandro Nyingtik)
  • Kyabjé Penor Rinpoche, London, 11th - 15th November 1988 (all empowerments including Zabmo Yangtik)
  • Kyabjé Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Prapoutel, 20th and 21st August 1990 (Khandro Nyingtik only)
  • Kyabjé Penor Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 18th - 21st July 1995 (not including Zabmo Yangtik)
  • Kyabjé Trulshik Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 1st July 2003 (Lama Yangtik only)
  • Kyabjé Trulshik Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 1st - 3rd December 2005 (Lama Yangtik and Khandro Yangtik)
  • Kyabjé Yangthang Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 7-11 August 2013 (all empowerments including Zabmo Yangtik)
  • Shechen Rabjam Rinpoche, Lerab Ling:
    • 29 April 2023: Lama Yangtik
    • 30 April 2023: Khandro Yangtik

Tibetan Texts


  1. As quoted in Dzogchen & Padmasambhava, Rigpa Publications, page 85.
  2. See the foreword to Great Perfection: Outer and Inner Preliminaries, by the Third Dzogchen Rinpoche, translated by Cortland Dahl (Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2008), page xi and Dezhung Rinpoche (2005) p. 171

Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Further Reading

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