Difference between revisions of "Six paramitas"

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The '''six paramitas''' or 'transcendent perfections' comprise the training of a [[bodhisattva]], which is [[bodhichitta in action]].  
 
The '''six paramitas''' or 'transcendent perfections' comprise the training of a [[bodhisattva]], which is [[bodhichitta in action]].  
  
#[[Generosity]] (Tib. ''jinpa''):  to cultivate the attitude of generosity.   
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#[[Generosity]] (Skt. dāna; Tib. ''jinpa''):  to cultivate the attitude of generosity.   
#[[Discipline]] (Tib. ''tsultrim''): refraining from harm.
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#[[Discipline]] (Skt. śīla; Tib. ''tsultrim''): refraining from harm.
#[[Patience]] (Tib. ''zöpa''): the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
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#[[Patience]] (Skt. kṣānti; Tib. ''zöpa''): the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
#[[Diligence]] (Tib. ''tsöndrü''): to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
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#[[Diligence]] (Skt. vīrya; Tib. ''tsöndrü''): to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
#[[Concentration]] (Tib. ''samten''):  not to be distracted.
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#[[Concentration]] (Skt. dhyāna; Tib. ''samten''):  not to be distracted.
#[[Wisdom]] (Tib. ''sherab''):  the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all knowable things.
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#[[Wisdom]] (Skt. prajñā; Tib. ''sherab''):  the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all knowable things.
  
 
The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of '''merit''', and the sixth to the accumulation of '''wisdom'''.
 
The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of '''merit''', and the sixth to the accumulation of '''wisdom'''.

Revision as of 08:38, 11 July 2007

The six paramitas or 'transcendent perfections' comprise the training of a bodhisattva, which is bodhichitta in action.

  1. Generosity (Skt. dāna; Tib. jinpa): to cultivate the attitude of generosity.
  2. Discipline (Skt. śīla; Tib. tsultrim): refraining from harm.
  3. Patience (Skt. kṣānti; Tib. zöpa): the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
  4. Diligence (Skt. vīrya; Tib. tsöndrü): to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
  5. Concentration (Skt. dhyāna; Tib. samten): not to be distracted.
  6. Wisdom (Skt. prajñā; Tib. sherab): the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all knowable things.

The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of merit, and the sixth to the accumulation of wisdom.

Written Sources

The six paramitas are mentioned and explained in many of the most important Indian sources, such as Nagarjuna’s Letter to a Friend, Chandrakirti’s Introduction to the Middle Way and Shantideva’s Bodhicharyavatara.