Six paramitas

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Bodhisattva sangha from the Longchen Nyingtik field of merit

The six paramitas or 'transcendent perfections' (Skt. ṣaṭpāramitā; Tib. ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་དྲུག་, parol tu chinpa druk, Wyl. pha rol tu phyin pa drug) comprise the training of a bodhisattva, which is bodhichitta in action.

  1. Generosity: to cultivate the attitude of generosity.
  2. Discipline: refraining from harm.
  3. Patience: the ability not to be perturbed by anything.
  4. Diligence: to find joy in what is virtuous, positive or wholesome.
  5. Meditative concentration: not to be distracted.
  6. Wisdom: the perfect discrimination of phenomena, all knowable things.

The first five paramitas correspond to the accumulation of merit, and the sixth to the accumulation of wisdom. The sixth paramita can be divided into four, resulting in ten paramitas.

Canonical Literature

Sutras

Shastras

The six paramitas are mentioned and explained in many of the most important Indian Mahayana sources, such as

References

  1. See The Fortunate Aeon: How the Thousand Buddhas Became Enlightened (Berkeley: Dharma Publishing, 1986), Vol. One, pages 97-477.

Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

Further Reading

Internal Links